The transfer of new, economically useful knowledge from universities to the regional economy has recently attracted the attention of academics, professionals and policymakers alike. This book focuses on three issues at the centre of current research: the geography of academic knowledge transfers, the mechanisms of these transfers with regard to academic entrepreneurship and graduate mobility, and policy experience in university-based regional economic development.
The expert contributors provide state-of-the-art overviews of the field, reviewing and outlining important advancements in theory, empirics and policy analysis. Importantly, the book includes unique case studies of university-based development in three lagging regions of Asia, Europe and North America to illustrate individual experiences.
This timely and highly original book will be warmly welcomed by academics, students and researchers focusing on regional science, the economics of innovation, economic growth and technological change. Policymakers involved with regional development and innovation will also find much to interest them in this book.
Edited by Attila Varga, Professor of Economics, Faculty of Business and Economics, University of Pecs, Hungary
Contents: 1. Introduction Attila Varga PART I: SETTING THE SCENE: ANALYTICAL FRAMEWORK AND KNOWLEDGE INVENTORY IN THEORY, EMPIRICS AND POLICY 2. What We Know and What We Don't Know About the Regional Economic Impacts of Universities Harvey A. Goldstein 3. Jaffe-Feldman-Varga: The Search for Knowledge Spillovers Zoltan J. Acs 4. Detecting University-Industry Synergies: A Comparison of Two Approaches in Applied Cluster Analysis Edward Feser PART II: THE GEOGRAPHY OF ACADEMIC KNOWLEDGE TRANSFERS: RECENT DEVELOPMENTS 5. The Role of Higher Education and University R&D for Industrial R&D Location Martin Andersson, Urban Grasjoe and Charlie Karlsson 6. Internationalization and Regional Embedding of Scientific Research in the Netherlands Roderik Ponds, Frank van Oort and Koen Frenken 7. Academic Knowledge Transfers and the Structure of International Research Networks Attila Varga and Andrea Parag PART III: KNOWLEDGE TRANSFER MECHANISMS: ACADEMIC ENTREPRENEURSHIP AND GRADUATE MOBILITY 8. Academic Entrepreneurs: Critical Issues and Lessons for Europe Chiara Franzoni and Francesco Lissoni 9. Firm Formation and Economic Development: What Drives Academic Spin-offs to Success or Failure? Knut Koschatzky and Joachim Hemer 10. On the Economics of University Ranking Lists: Intuitive Remarks on Intuitive Comparisons Adam Toeroek 11. Product Differentiation or Spatial Monopoly? The Market Areas of Austrian Universities in Business Education Gunther Maier 12. Higher Education, Graduate Migration and Regional Dynamism in Great Britain Alessandra Faggian, Philip McCann and Stephen Sheppard PART IV: UNIVERSITY-BASED REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT: THE EXPERIENCE OF LAGGING AREAS IN ASIA, EUROPE AND NORTH AMERICA 13. Barriers Against the Transfer of Knowledge between Universities and Industry in Newly-Industrialised Countries: An Analysis of University-Industry Linkages in Thailand Daniel Schiller, Bjoern Mildahn and Javier Revilla Diez 14. Knowledge-based Local Economic Development for Enhancing Competitiveness in Lagging Areas of Europe: The Case of the University of Szeged Imre Lengyel 15. The Care and Feeding of High-growth Businesses in Rural Areas: The Role of Universities Hugh D. Sherman, William B. Lamb and Kevin Aspegren Index