Neuroscience has made considerable progress in figuring out how the brain works. We know much about the molecular-genetic and biochemical underpinnings of sensory and motor functions. Recent neuroimaging work has opened the door to investigating the neural underpinnings of higher-order cognitive functions, such as memory, attention, and even free will. In these types of investigations, researchers apply specific stimuli to induce neural activity in the brain and look for the function in question. However, there may be more to the brain and its neuronal states than the changes in activity we induce by applying particular external stimuli. In Volume 2 of Unlocking the Brain, Georg Northoff addresses consciousness by hypothesizing about the relationship between particular neuronal mechanisms and the various phenomenal features of consciousness. Northoff puts consciousness in the context of the resting state of the brain thereby delivering a new point of view to the debate that permits very interesting insights into the nature of consciousness.
Moreover, he describes and discusses detailed findings from different branches of neuroscience including single cell data, animal data, human imaging data, and psychiatric findings. This yields a unique and novel picture of the brain, and will have a major and lasting impact on neuroscientists working in neuroscience, psychiatry, and related fields.
Georg Northoff, holds a rare combination of academic titles: two PhDs and an MD respectively in neuroscience, philosophy, and psychiatry. Northoff is currently Director of the Research Unit for Mind, Brain-Imaging and Neuroethics, Canada Research Chair, and EJLB-Michael Smith Chair for Neuroscience and Mental Health at the Institute of Mental Health Research, University of Ottowa/Canada.
List of Figures ; Preface ; Introduction to Volume II ; Part V Spatiotemporal Continuity and Consciousness ; Chapter 13: Midline regions and 'Stream of Consciousness' ; Chapter 14: Slow cortical potentials and 'width of presence' ; Chapter 15: Temporal nestedness and 'duration bloc' ; Chapter 16: Functional Connectivity and 'Inner space consciousness' ; Chapter 17: Glutamate, GABA, and 'Inner time and space consciousness' ; Part VI Spatiotemporal Unity and Consciousness ; Chapter 18: Resting state and Pre-Phenomenal Unity ; Chapter 19: Gamma and Phenomenal Unity ; Chapter 20: Natural statistics and 'environment-brain unity' ; Chapter 21: Unity and Subjectivity ; Chapter 22: Unity and subjectivity in schizophrenia ; Part VII Spatiotemporal Organisation and Consciousness ; Chapter 23: Resting state and Self-specificity ; Chapter 24: Self-Specificity and Self-perspectival organisation ; Chapter 25: Resting state and pre-intentional organisation ; Chapter 26: Neuro-Phenomenal Evidence - Dreams and Mind wandering ; Chapter 27: Neuro-Psychiatric Evidence - Schizophrenia and Depression ; Part VIII Spatiotemporal Quality and Consciousness ; Chapter 28: Resting state and Qualia ; Chapter 29: Rest-Stimulus interaction and Qualia ; Chapter 30: Neuronal transfer and Qualia ; Chapter 31: Affect and Qualia ; Chapter 32: Body and Qualia ; Epilogue: Keyholes in the brain's door to consciousness ; Appendix: Related Issues ; Appendix to Introduction/Appendix 1: Brain and Consciousness ; Appendix to Part I/Appendix 2: Brain and Time ; Appendix to Part II/Appendix 3: Brain and Unity ; Appendix to Part III/Appendix 4: Brain and Self ; References ; Index