The history of urban development is associated with the degradation of rivers - the deterioration of water quality, increased flooding, and the loss of ecological resources. The story of urban streams and rivers is as much a social history as it is a technological one. The control of nature and exploitation of natural resources was at the heart of the industrialisation process and of advances in the co-ordination and effective administration of water-and land-management schemes. Today, new approaches to the management of urban water are a response to advances in scientific knowledge and technology, and of a new concern for quality of life. Environmental improvement and ecological restoration demonstrate confidence in an area, which can enhance economic competitiveness. Along with improvements in air quality, building stock and transport networks, the restoration of stream and river corridors can make a major contribution to the success of urban regeneration schemes. Urban Rivers provides an illustrated overview of the effects of urbanisation on the aquatic environment, potential solutions to the resulting problems, and new opportunities for the regeneration of urban streams and rivers, and of land along their corridors and of adjacent urban areas. The book is written to be accessible to a broad audience and should provide a stimulating and informative introduction to the subject for all those concerned with the urban river environment.
PROBLEMS AND OPPORTUNITIES Our Inheritance Industrialisation A Change of Heart The Future. SETTING THE SCENE Natural Rivers: The natural water cycle; Living rivers; From prehistory to the modern day The Catchment Today: Demands for water; Floods; Pollution from fields; Acid attack; Damage to wildlife Urban Rivers: The fall and rise of London's river; Reclamation of the marshes; Improved sanitation; The solution: transfer the problem downstream; The river dies; Towards recovery. URBAN AREAS TODAY: PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS The Urban Water Cycle: Urban water pollution: The treatment of domestic waste water; Industrial waste waters; Industrial waste water treatment; Diffuse pollution; Green spaces in urban areas; Contaminated land; Wrong connections New Stresses on Urban Rivers: Increased flood risks; Local flooding; Large river flooding; Aesthetics, amenity and nature conservation; Returning river corridors to nature; Project Kingfisher, River Cole; Sustaining biodiversity; Water works and nature conservation; Advancing corridor restoration. SUSTAINABLE URBAN RIVERS Planning for the Environment River Flood Plains Planning in Practice: Tyneside and Wear side; The Medway Riverside Public Participation Catchment Planning Setting Standards Regulation: Points of control Reporting back to the Public - Access to Information The Mersey Basin - Integrated management in Action. HALLENGES FOR URBAN REVIVAL Opportunities for Revival: Waterfront regeneration; Making the best use of river corridors; The role of science and technology; An uncertain future The International Perspective. Bibliography.