Urbanization and Development: Multidisciplinary Perspectives (WIDER Studies in Development Economics)

Urbanization and Development: Multidisciplinary Perspectives (WIDER Studies in Development Economics)

By: Basudeb Guha-Khasnobis (editor), Jo Beall (editor), Ravi Kanbur (editor)Hardback

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By many estimates, the world has recently crossed the point where more than half the global population is urban, a trend driven by rapid urbanization in developing countries. Urban centres offer economies of scale in terms of productive enterprise and public investment. Cities are social melting pots, centres of innovation, and drivers of social change. However, cities are also marked by social differentiation, poverty, conflict, and environmental degradation. These are all issues that not only matter to cities, but also lie at the heart of development. As such, the time is right to consider afresh the relationship between cities and development. This volume presents a significant new collection of multidisciplinary papers focused on urbanization and its implications for development. It raises four questions: What is so special about the urban context? Why is urbanization and urban growth important to development at the present conjuncture? What are the strengths and limitations of our current state of knowledge about urbanization and development from the policy perspective? How can a multidisciplinary perspective on the urban context add value to development research and policy? Leading scholars in urban economics examine the data and definitions associated with the field, and look in-depth at the economic and social consequences of urbanization. Special focus is given to urban violence, and planning and governance issues, and the text is supplemented by case studies demonstrating the recent effects of urbanization in key countries such as India, Brazil, Tanzania, Lebanon, and South Africa.

About Author

Jo Beall is Deputy Vice Chancellor of University of Cape Town and Chair of the Executive Committee of the African Centre for Cities at UCT. She is still affiliated with the London School of Economics, where she was Director of the Development Studies Institute, and taught for 18 years. She also taught at the Development Planning Unit of University College London and at the University of KwaZulu-Natal where she now holds an honorary professorship. She has consulted for the World Bank, the European Union, UN-Habitat, and a number of bilateral development agencies, and has published widely in development and urban studies journals. Basudeb Guha-Khasnobis is a Senior Economist at UNDP. Previously, he worked with UNU-WIDER (Helsinki), ICRIER (New Delhi), EXIM Bank of India (Bangalore), and IGIDR (Mumbai). He has worked and published extensively on international trade and finance, capital markets, growth, development, food security, informal sectors, gender, and urbanization. He holds a PhD in Economics from the University of Rochester (NY, USA). Ravi Kanbur is T.H. Lee Professor of World Affairs at Cornell University, having previously taught at Oxford, Cambridge, Essex, Princeton, and Warwick. He has served on the senior staff of the World Bank, including as resident Representative in Ghana, Chief Economist for Africa, Principal Adviser to the Chief Economist of the World Bank. He has published in the leading economics journals, including the Journal of Political Economy, The American Economic Review, and the Economic Journal.


INTRODUCTION ; 1. Beyond the Tipping Point: A Multidisciplinary Perspective on Urbanization and Development ; DATA AND DEFINITIONS ; 2. Urban Settlement: Data, Measures, and Trends ; 3. Agglomeration Index: Towards A New Measure of Urban Concentration ; 4. Parsing the Urban Poverty Puzzle: A Multi-generational Panel Study in Rio de Janeiro's Favelas, 1968-2008 ; 5. Urban Myths and the Mis-use of Data that Underpin Them ; ECONOMIC BENEFITS OF URBANIZATION ; 6. Evolving City Systems ; 7. Suburbanization and Residential Desegregation in South Africa's Cities ; URBANIZATION: SOCIAL CONSEQUENCES ; 8. The Face of Urban Poverty: Explaining the Prevalence of Slums in Developing Countries ; 9. The Legacy Effect of Squatter Settlements on Urban Redevelopment ; 10. The Gendered Nature of Asset Accumulation in Urban Contexts: Longitudinal Results from Guayaquil, Ecuador ; URBAN VIOLENCE ; 11. Violent Urbanization and Homogenization of Space and Place: Reconstructing the Story of Sectarian Violence in Beirut ; 12. Dar es Salaam as a 'Harbour of Peace' in East Africa: Tracing the Role of Creolized Urban Ethnicity in Nation-State Formation ; 13. Urban Violence Is (not) Necessarily a Way Of life: Towards a Political Economy of Conflict in Cities ; URBAN PLANNING AND GOVERNANCE ; 14. Infrastructure and City Competitiveness in India ; 15. Solid Wastes, Poverty and the Environment in Developing Country Cities: Challenges and Opportunities ; 16. Building Sustainable Historic Centres: A Comparative Approach for Innovative Urban Projects ; EPILOGUE ; Themes Emerging, Questions Outstanding, and the Value of a Multidisciplinary Approach

Product Details

  • ISBN13: 9780199590148
  • Format: Hardback
  • Number Of Pages: 352
  • ID: 9780199590148
  • weight: 680
  • ISBN10: 0199590141

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