Urbanization, Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services: Challenges and Opportunities: A Global Assessment (2013 ed.)

Urbanization, Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services: Challenges and Opportunities: A Global Assessment (2013 ed.)

By: Burak Guneralp (editor), Robert I. McDonald (editor), Julie Goodness (editor), Schewenius Schewenius (editor), Susan Parnell (editor), Michail Fragkias (editor), Thomas Elmqvist (editor), Dagmar Haase (editor), Sendstad Sendstad (editor), Mr Peter J. Marcotullio (editor)Hardback

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Description

Urbanization is a global phenomenon and the book emphasizes that this is not just a social-technological process. It is also a social-ecological process where cities are places for nature, and where cities also are dependent on, and have impacts on, the biosphere at different scales from local to global. The book is a global assessment and delivers four main conclusions: Urban areas are expanding faster than urban populations. Half the increase in urban land across the world over the next 20 years will occur in Asia, with the most extensive change expected to take place in India and China Urban areas modify their local and regional climate through the urban heat island effect and by altering precipitation patterns, which together will have significant impacts on net primary production, ecosystem health, and biodiversity Urban expansion will heavily draw on natural resources, including water, on a global scale, and will often consume prime agricultural land, with knock-on effects on biodiversity and ecosystem services elsewhere Future urban expansion will often occur in areas where the capacity for formal governance is restricted, which will constrain the protection of biodiversity and management of ecosystem services

Contents

Foreword Pavan Sukhdev Preface List of Contributors List of Reviewers 1. A global outlook on urbanization Karen C. Seto, Susan Parnell, and Thomas Elmqvist 2. History of urbanization and the missing ecology Thomas Elmqvist, Charles L. Redman, Stephan Barthel, and Robert Costanza 3. Urbanization and global trends in biodiversity and ecosystem services Robert I. McDonald, Peter J. Marcotullio, and Burak Guneralp 4. Regional assessment of Asia Karen C. Seto 5. Sub-regional assessment of China: Urbanization in biodiversity hotspots Burak Guneralp and Karen C. Seto 6. Sub-regional assessment of India: Effects of urbanization effects on land use, biodiversity and ecosystems Harini Nagendra, H.S. Sudhira, Madhusudan Katti, and Maria Schewenius 7. Local assessment of Bangalore: Graying and Greening in Bangalore - Impacts of Urbanization on Ecosystems, Ecosystem Services and Biodiversity H.S. Sudhira and Harini Nagendra 8. Local assessment of Tokyo: Satoyama and Satoumi: Traditional landscapes and management practices in a contemporary urban environment Ryo Kohsaka, Wanyu Shih, Osamu Saito, and Satoru Sadohara 9. Local assessment of Shanghai: Effects of urbanization on the diversity of macrobenthic invertebrates in Shanghai, China Wenliang Liu, Xiaohua Chen, and Qiang Wang 10. Patterns and trends in urban biodiversity and landscape design Norbert Muller, Maria Ignatieva, Charles H. Nilon, Peter Werner, and Wayne C. Zipperer 11. Urban ecosystem services Erik Gomez-Baggethun, Asa Gren, David N. Barton, Johannes Langemeyer, Timon McPhearson, Patrick O'Farrell, Erik Andersson, Zoe Hamstead, and Peleg Kremer 12. Shrinking cities, biodiversity and ecosystem services Dagmar Haase 13. Regional assessment of Europe Jakub Kronenberg, Azime Tezer, Dagmar Haase, and Johan Colding 14. Regional assessment of North America - Urbanization trends, biodiversity patterns, and ecosystem services Timon McPhearson, Roger Auch, and Marina Alberti 15. Regional assessment of Oceania Robert Dyball, Christopher D. Ives, and Ian White 16. Local assessment of Istanbul: Biodiversity and ecosystem services Burak Guneralp, Azime Tezer, and Ilke Albayrak 17. Local assessment of Stockholm: Revisiting the Stockholm Urban Assessment Johan Colding 18. Local assessment: From wild Chicago to Chicago Wilderness - Chicago's ecological setting and recent efforts to protect and restore nature in the region Liam Heneghan, Christopher Mulvaney, Kristen Ross, Susan Stewart, Lauren Umek, Cristy Watkins, Alaka Wali, Lynne M. Westphal, and David H. Wise 19. Local assessment of New York City: Biodiversity, Green Space, and Ecosystem Services Timon McPhearson, David Maddox, Bram Gunther, and David Bragdon 20. Local assessment of Melbourne - The Biodiversity and Social-Ecological Dynamics of Melbourne, Australia Christopher D. Ives, Ruth Beilin, Ascelin Gordon, Dave Kendal, Amy K. Hahs, and Mark J. McDonnell 21. A synthesis of global urbanization projections Michail Fragkias, Burak Guneralp, Karen Seto, and Julie Goodness 22. Urbanization forecasts, effects on land use, biodiversity, and ecosystem services Burak Guneralp, Robert I. McDonald, Michail Fragkias, Julie Goodness, Peter J. Marcotullio, and Karen C. Seto 23. Regional assessment of Africa Pippin Anderson, Chukwumerije Okereke, Andrew Rudd, and Susan Parnell 24, Local assessment of Cape Town: A `Rainbow Nation's' social-ecological landscape - Navigating management complexities of urbanization, biodiversity, and ecosystem services in the Cape Floristic Region Julie Goodness and Pippin M.L. Anderson 25. Climate change and urban biodiversity vulnerability William Solecki and Peter J. Marcotullio 26. Feeding cities: food security and ecosystem support in an urbanizing world Lisa Deutsch, Rob Dyball, and Will Steffen 27. Urban governance of biodiversity and ecosystem services Cathy Wilkinson, Marte Sendstad, Susan Parnell, and Maria Schewenius 28. Regional assessment of Latin America: Rapid urban development and social-economic inequity threaten biodiversity hotspots Anibal Pauchard, Olga Barbosa, Javiera Maira, Carolina Rojas, Paula Villagra, Ana Faggi, Fabio Marquez, Gloria Aponte, and Ian MacGregor-Fors 29. Local assessment of Rio de Janeiro City: Two case studies on urbanization trends and ecological impacts Cecilia P. Herzog and Ricardo Finotti 30. Urban landscapes as learning arenas for biodiversity and ecosystem services management Marianne E. Krasny Cecilia Lundholm, Soul Shava, Eunju Lee, and Hiromi Kobori 31. Restoration ecology in an urbanizing world Steven N. Handel, Osamu Saito, and Kazuhiko Takeuchi 32. Indicators for management of urban biodiversity and ecosystem services: City Biodiversity Index Ryo Kohsaka, Henrique M. Pereira, Thomas Elmqvist, Lena Chan, Raquel Moreno-Penaranda, Yukihiro Morimoto, Takashi Inoue, Mari Iwata, Maiko Nishi, Maria da Luz Mathias, Carlos Souto Cruz, Mariana Cabral, Minna Brunfeldt, Anni Parkkinen, Jari Niemela, Yashada Kulkarni-Kawli, and Grant Pearsall 33. Stewardship of the Biosphere in the Urban Era Thomas Elmqvist, Michail Fragkias, Julie Goodness, Burak Guneralp, Peter J. Marcotullio, Robert I. McDonald, Susan Parnell, Maria Schewenius, Marte Sendstad, Karen C. Seto, Cathy Wilkinson, Marina Alberti, Carl Folke, Niki Frantzeskaki, Dagmar Haase, Madhusudan Katti, Harini Nagendra, Jari Niemela, Steward T.A. Pickett, Charles L. Redman, and Keith Tidball Appendix Glossary

Product Details

  • ISBN13: 9789400770874
  • Format: Hardback
  • Number Of Pages: 755
  • ID: 9789400770874
  • ISBN10: 9400770871
  • edition: 2013 ed.

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