Based on hundreds of interviews, a survey of ex-prisoners, and published testimonials, "Uruguay Nunca Mas" documents the atrocities that were committed during the military dictatorship in Uruguay from 1973 to 1985. The organization Servicio Paz y Justicia-Uruguay (SERPAJ) traces the various stages that Uruguay's military government passed through in its twelve years in power, noting the progressive distortion of the legislative judicial, and executive branches. Detailing the means by which civil liberties were abrogated by the repressive regime, this report examines how the Doctrine of National Security affected daily life in a country that had been hailed as 'the Switzerland of America'. Unlike the bloody, highly publicized events in Chile and Argentina, the hushed repression in Uruguay was carried out with unprecedented sophistication. Describing some twenty forms of torture, disappearances, and other mechanisms of repression, "Uruguay Nunca Mas" documents how the population at large was subjected to abuse, terror, and lies, amid economic depression and social upheaval.
This disturbing report by SERPAJ cites as its purpose the words of George Santayana: 'Those who do not remember their past are condemned to repeat it'. It should serve as a cautionary lesson for citizens in any democracy. Author Servicio Paz y Justicia Uruguay is a team of Lawyers, doctors, and human rights specialists dedicated to the preservation of human rights in Uruguay. Elizabeth Hampsten is Associate Professor of English at the University of North Dakota.
Preface Acknowledgments Introduction Lawrence Weschler Abbreviations Part I: The Historical Process 1. The Decline of the Democratic System, I: Crisis, Social Mobilization, and Authoritarianism 2. The Decline of the Democratic System, II: Ascendancy of the Military 3. The Military Dictatorship, I: Social Control and State Militarization 4. The Military Dictatorship, II: Military Failure and the Restoration of Democracy Part II: The Practice of State Terrorism 5. Arrests 6. Torture 7. Military Justice 8. The Long Imprisonment 9. Prison Medical Care 10. Deaths 11. Forced Disappearances 12. Doctors', Psychologists', and Paramedics' Participation in Torture 13. Coordination among Military Operations in the Southern Cone Part III: Beyond Prison 14. The Dismantling of Civilian Life 15. The Long Exile 16. The Scars of Terrorism Epilogue: Final Words Appendix A: Methodology Appendix B: Persons Who Dies as a Result of the Political Violence Beginning April 14, 1972 Appendix C: Uruguayans Who Were Arrested and Disappeared Notes Index