In the interwar years, a group of reform-minded American scholars of international law, such as Quincy Wright and Manley Hudson, challenged traditional international law and strove to establish a 'new' international law in which outlawry of war was institutionalized. They highly valued the Covenant of the League of Nations and the Kellogg-Briand Pact and presented legal arguments in support of them. These scholars were activists in their efforts to promote their views to policy makers and the public. In the US international law community, however, a different group of scholars, notably Edwin Borchard, vehemently opposed the progressive scholars. US International Lawyers in the Interwar Years chronicles those involved in the debate and provides a detailed account of their scholarly works and activities that hitherto have not had the recognition that they deserve.
Hatsue Shinohara is a professor of international relations at Waseda University Graduate School of Asia-Pacific Studies. Her work takes a multidisciplinary perspective involving law, history and politics.
1. The rise of a new international law; 2. Toward a more ambitious international law; 3. Can international law master war?; 4. Half victory: international law and the Manchurian incident; 5. For better or worse: debate over neutrality; 6. International law in a lawless world; 7. Reconstructing the world order once again.