This collection of essays begins with the premise that violence, in its relationship to order, is a central element of history. Taking a broad definition of violence, including structural and symbolic violence, the contributions move beyond the problematic of civilization's mitigating or foundational role, instead seeing violence as inherently social, and, perhaps, socially inherent (if variable). The question then becomes what forms of harm are authorized or banned in which social orders and how they change over time. Beginning with a theoretical introduction, this interdisciplinary volume includes seven papers representing cultural anthropology, history, archaeology and international relations. The papers range from China to the Americas and from the 2nd millennium BCE to the 21st century CE. Some deal with long-term developments while others focus on a single time and place. Many treat the issue of the visibility/invisibility of violence, while all in one way or another deal with the role of violence in the re-production of community. Together, the volume aims to paint, with a few strokes, the outlines of a deep historical anthropology of social violence. The volume is based on the proceedings of a symposium hosted at Brown University.
Contents: 1. Introduction: Toward a Deep History of Violence and Civilization (Roderick Campbell) Part I: Sacrifice Introduction to Part I 2. Dramas of the Dialectic: Sacrifice and Power in Ancient Polities (Edward Swenson) 3. (Un)dying Loyalty: Meditations on Retainer Sacrifice in Ancient Egypt and Elsewhere (Ellen F. Morris) 4. Transformations of Violence: On Humanity and Inhumanity in Early China (Roderick Campbell) Part II: Community Introduction to Part II 5. Histories of Violence: Notes from the Roman Empire (Ari Z. Bryen) 6. On Torture in Societies Against the State (Severin Fowles) Part III: Terror Introduction to Part III 7. The Military Normal: Feeling at Home with Counterinsurgency in the United States (Catherine Lutz) 8. Violence, Terrorism, Otherness: Reshaping Enmity in Times of Terror (Philippe Bonditti) Index