This is the first book to focus on the effects of violence in internal conflicts after peace agreements have been signed. Since the mid-1990s many peace processes, including those in Israel-Palestine, Guatemala, El Salvador, and Northern Ireland, have stumbled or reverted to different forms of violence while seeking to implement formal peace agreements. In all these cases the persistence and forms of violence have been main determinants of success or failure. ""Violence and Reconstruction"" adopts a four-part analysis, examining in turn violence emanating from the state, from militants, from destabilized societies, and from the challenge of implementing a range of issues including demobilization, disarmament, and policing. Seven of the leading scholars working on peace processes have focused their experience and expertise to explore in detail each of these aspects of postwar violence. Their main findings draw attention to the increased willingness of the state to turn to militias to carry on violence by proxy; to the importance of distinguishing between the aims and actions of different militant groups; to a postwar rise in violent conventional crime; and to the importance of improving the management of demobilization, disarmament, and policing.
JOHN DARBY is professor of comparative ethnic studies at the Kroc Institute at the University of Notre Dame, where he is Research Director and heads the Research Initiative for the Resolution of Ethnic Conflict (RIREC).