- The most famous Russian psychologist, whose life and ideas are least known?
- A pioneer of psychology who said virtually nothing new?
- A simple man who became a genius after he died?
This fundamentally novel intellectual biography offers a 21st-century account of the life and times of Lev Vygotsky, who has long been considered a pioneer in the field of learning and human development. The diverse Vygotskian literature has created many distinct images of this influential scientist, which has led many researchers to attempt to unearth `the real Vygotsky'. Rather than join this quest to over-simplify Vygotsky's legacy, this book attempts to understand the development of `the multiple Vygotskies' by exploring a number of personae that Vygotsky assumed at different periods of his life. Based on the most recent archival, textological and historical investigations in original, uncensored Russian, the author presents a ground-breaking account that is far from the shiny success story that is typically associated with `the cult of Vygotsky'.
This book will be an essential contribution to Vygotskian scholarship and of interest to advanced students and researchers in history of psychology, history of science, Soviet/Russian history, philosophical psychology, and philosophy of science.
Anton Yasnitsky, Ph.D., is an independent researcher who specializes in the Vygotsky-Luria Circle. He has coedited (with Rene van der Veer et al.) The Cambridge Handbook of Cultural-Historical Psychology (2014), Revisionist Revolution in Vygotsky Studies (2015), and Vygotski revisitado: una historia critica de su contexto y legado (2016).
Ouverture 1. Prophet The Gomel Years (1896-1913) A Jew Admitted to Imperial Moscow University Literary Criticism (1914-1916) Beba Vygodskii: The "Young Jewish Prophet" The Russian Revolution (1917-1918) Lev Vygodskii during the Russian Revolution The Great War (1914-1918) and its Aftermath In Ukrainian Gomel in 1918 2. Bolshevik Gomel during Russian Civil War The "Cultural Front," Marxism, and the "New Man" Lev Vygotsky in Gomel in 1919-1921 New Economic Policy (NEP) and the Birth of the Soviet Union Vygotsky as a Publisher, Political Activist, and Theatrical Critic (1922-3) 3. Reflexologist Vygotsky Teaches and Lectures Vygotsky's Entrance into Psychology The Teaching about Reflexes: Pavlov's and Bekhterev's Research Methods Vygotsky's New Method: "Double Stimulation" Vygotsky and Reflexology Second Psychoneurological Congress as a Landmark 4. Psychologist Alexander Luria: Vygotsky's Alter Ego Vygotsky's Comeback in Moscow Marxist Practicality and the "New Science" The Variety of "New Psychologies" The Trip to London and its Aftermath Vygotsky's Three Books Psychology as a Science about the Superman Vygotsky-Luria Circle: People and Institutes "Instrumental Psychology" Unexpected Discoveries: Word Meaning, Dialogue, and Inner Speech The Outcomes of the Decade of 1920s 5. Revisionist Stalin's Great Break and Cultural Revolution Vygotsky's Life and Career at the Turn of the Decades IX International Psychological Congress and its Impact Towards a New Psychological Theory The Demise of "Reactology" Criticizing Vygotsky Vygotsky Criticizes... Vygotsky Expeditions to Central Asia of 1931 and 1932 Revisionist Conclusion 6. Holist The Challenge of the Totality: Holistic Gestalt Psychology Kurt Lewin's "Galileian" Psychology The Vygotsky-Luria Circle in 1930s Major Theoretical Reconstruction and New Experimentation "The Threshold of a New Theory": The Pessimistic Finale Epilogue. Genius Timeline of landmark events Glossary Conventions and acknowledgements Bibliography