The period since 1939 saw more rapid and significant change than any other time in Welsh history. Wales developed a more assertive identity of its own and some of the apparatus of a nation state. Yet its economy floundered between boom and bust, its traditional communities were transformed and the Welsh language and other aspects of its distinctiveness were undermined by a globalizing world. Wales was also deeply divided by class, language, ethnicity, gender, religion and region. Its people grew wealthier, healthier and more educated but they were not always happier. This ground-breaking book examines the story of Wales since 1939, giving voice to ordinary people and the variety of experiences within the nation. This is a history of not just a nation, but of its residents' hopes and fears, their struggles and pleasures and their views of where they lived and the wider world. -- .
Martin Johnes is Head of History & Classics at Swansea University -- .
Introduction 1. 'The waging of war', 1939-45 2. 'The spirit of reconstruction'1945-51 3. 'The hard times are finished': The coming of affluence, 1951-64 4. 'Promiscuous living': Youth culture and the permissive society, 1951-70 5. 'A new society': Class and urban communities, 1951-70 6. 'Life among the hills': The Welsh Way of Life, 1951-70 7. 'A cottonwool fuzz at the back of the mind': Language and nationhoods, 1951-70 8. 'Nationalists of many varieties', 1951-70 9. 'Black times': The Passing of Labour, 1966-85 10. 'Under an acid rain': Debating the nations, 1970-85 11. 'Adapt to the future': The Tory remaking of Wales, 1979-97 12. 'Who's happy?': Social change since 1970 13. 'They don't belong here': The countryside since 1970 14. 'A nation once again', 1997-2009 Conclusion Index -- .