War in the Iberian Peninsula, 700-1600 (Themes in Medieval and Early Modern History)

War in the Iberian Peninsula, 700-1600 (Themes in Medieval and Early Modern History)

By: Joao Gouveia Monteiro (editor), Francisco Garcia Fitz (editor)Paperback

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Description

War in the Iberian Peninsula, 700-1600 is a panoramic synthesis of the Iberian Peninsula including the kingdoms of Leon and Castile, Aragon, Portugal, Navarra, al-Andalus and Granada. It offers an extensive chronology, covering the entire medieval period and extending through to the sixteenth century, allowing for a very broad perspective of Iberian history which displays the fixed and variable aspects of war over time. The book is divided kingdom by kingdom to provide students and academics with a better understanding of the military interconnections across medieval and early modern Iberia. The continuities and transformations within Iberian military history are showcased in the majority of chapters through markers to different periods and phases, particularly between the Early and High Middle Ages, and the Late Middle Ages. With a global outlook, coverage of all the most representative military campaigns, sieges and battles between 700 and 1600, and a wide selection of maps and images, War in the Iberian Peninsula is ideal for students and academics of military and Iberian history.

About Author

Francisco Garcia Fitz is Professor at the University of Extremadura, Spain. Expert in Medieval History, his research has addressed the military history and more specifically the policies and warlike relations between Christians and Muslims in medieval Spain. Joao Gouveia Monteiro is Professor at the University of Coimbra,Portugal. His research has focused mainly on the military history of Portugal and Europe in the Middle Ages.

Contents

PREFACE (Francisco Garcia Fitz and Joao Gouveia Monteiro) Chapter 1 - AL-ANDALUS (Javier Albarran) Political Outline The conquest of al-Andalus and the first steps The Umayyad Emirate of Cordova The Umayyad Caliphate of Cordova The Taifa Kingdoms The Almoravids The Almohads Recruitment system and composition of the armies Military obligations and recruitment methods Composition of the armies Umayyad Period Taifa Kingdoms Almoravids Almohads Chain of Command Military operations Attrition warfare Siege Warfare Pitched Battles Logistics, supplies and funding Armament Fortifications Naval warfare Ideology of war Main campaigns The campaign of Muez The battle(s) of Simancas and al-Khandaq Almanzor and the Santiago Compostela campaign Barbastro's sieges Bibliography Chapter 2 - GRANADA (Javier Albarran) Political outline Recruitment system and composition of the armies Military obligations and recruitment methods Composition of the armies Chain of Command Military operations Attrition warfare Siege Warfare Pitched Battles Logistics, supplies and funding Armament Fortifications Naval warfare Ideology of war Main campaigns The battle of Higueruela Bibliography Chapter 3 - CASTILE-LEON I - Early and High Middle Ages (eighth - thirteenth centuries) (Francisco Garcia Fitz) Political outline Recruitment system and composition of the armies Military obligations and recruitment methods Composition of the armies Personal guard of monarchs Military Order troops (Carlos de Ayala Martinez) Noble militias Urban militias Castle garrisons and tenancies Chain of Command Military operations (Martin Alvira Cabrer) Attrition warfare Siege Warfare Pitched Battles Logistics, supplies and funding Armament Fortifications Naval warfare Ideology of war Main campaigns First Battles: Covadonga (718 or 722) Conquest of Toledo (1085) Battle of Zalaca (1086) El Cid: Conquest of Valencia (1094) Conquest of Almeria (1147) The great battles: Alarcos (1195) and Las Navas de Tolosa (1212) The conquest of Seville (1248) II - Late Middle Ages (Fourteenth - Fifteenth centuries) (Fernando Arias Guillen) Political outline Recruitment system and composition of the armies Military obligations and recruitment methods Composition of the Armies Personal guard of monarchs Military Order troops Noble militias Urban militias Castle garrisons and tenancies Chain of Command Military operations Attrition warfare Siege Warfare Pitched battles Logistics, supplies and funding Armament Fortifications Naval warfare Ideology of war Main campaigns The Castilian Civil War (1366-1369) The Castilian War of Succession (1474-1479) Wars against other Christian kingdoms The war against Granada Bibliography Chapter 4 - CROWN OF ARAGON (Mario Lafuente Gomez) I - Early and High Middle Ages: Feudal Conquest and Colonization (tenth- thirteenth centuries) Political outline Recruitment system and composition of the armies Military obligations and recruitment methods Composition of the armies Personal guards of monarchs Noble militias Urban militias Military Order troops Castle garrisons and tenancies Chains of Command Military Operations Cavalry raids Siege Warfare Pitched Battles Logistics and finance Armament Fortifications Naval warfare Ideology of war Main campaigns Crusade of Barbastro (1064) The conquest of Zaragoza by Alfonso I (1118) The battle of Muret (1213) The conquest of Majorca by Jaime I (1229) The conquest of Valencia by Jaime I (1238-1274) The first Union (1283-1301) II. Late Middle Ages: Peninsular and Mediterranean Conflicts (fourteenth - fifteenth centuries) Political outline Recruitment system and composition of the armies Military obligations and recruitment methods Composition of the Armies Personal guards of monarchs Noble militias Urban militias Military Order troops Castle garrisons and tenancies Chains of command Military Operations Cavalry raids Siege Warfare Pitched Battles Logistics and finance Armament Fortifications Naval warfare Ideology of war Main campaigns Mediterranean wars Dispute over Sicily (1282-1301) The conquest of Sardinia (1323-1324) The first conquest of the kingdom of Naples (1442) The second conquest of the kingdom of Naples (1504) Peninsular conflicts The War of the Strait: the campaign against Almeria (1309) The war of the Two Pedros against Castile (1356-1366) Civil wars The second Union (1347-1348) The Catalonian civil war (1462-1472) Bibliography Chapter 5 - THE KINGDOM OF NAVARRE (Jon Andoni Fernandez de Larrea Rojas) I. The Early Middle Ages Political and military outline Recruitment and organization of the armies Military obligations and recruitment Composition of the armies Personal guard of monarchs Noble militias Castle garrisons and tenancies Chain of command Military operations Chevauchees Siege Warfare Pitched Battles Armament Fortifications II . The High Middle Ages Political and military outline Recruitment and organization of the armies Military obligations and recruitment Composition of the armies Personal guard of monarchs Noble militias Urban militias Castle garrisons and tenancies Chain of command Parias and mercenaries Military operations Armament Fortifications III. The Late Middle Ages Political and military outline Recruitment and organization of the armies Military obligations and recruitment methods Composition of the Armies Castle garrisons and tenancies Chain of Command Military operations Logistics Armament Fortifications Cultural aspects Main campaigns: Selection of a representative campaign Bibliography Chapter 6 - PORTUGAL I - Early and High Middle Ages, 1096-1249 (Jose Varandas) Political and military outline Portugal: from Earldom to Kingdom (1096-1239) Portuguese Offensive: from the Mondego to the Tagus River (1131-1147) The conquest of Lisbon (1147) The Conquest Between the rivers Tagus and Guadiana (1147-1239) The civil war (1245-1248) Recruitment and configuration of military service The host of war II - The Late Middle Ages 1249-1367: A time of reforms and royal consolidation (Miguel Gomes Martins) Afonso III and Dinis: mobilizing the nobility Weapons, local militias and the fleet From the 1296 intervention in Castile to the 1319-1324 Civil War Portugal and Castile between the 1336-1338 War and the 1340 Alliance The Crown and the Military Orders 1367-1495: A time of transition (Joao Gouveia Monteiro) Political context The evolution of the army Arms and armour Fortifications The conduct of war Naval warfare Main campaigns Siege of Lisbon (1384) Aljubarrota (1385) Ceuta (1415) III - The Sixteenth Century (1495-1600) A - The War on Land (Luis Costa e Sousa) Political outline Fortifications and siege operations Logistics and recruitment Theory and practice of war Ethiopia, 1541-43 Alcacer Quibir (4 August 1578) B - Naval War (Vitor Luis Gaspar Rodrigues) Political outline The supremacy of Portuguese sea power in the Indian Ocean: a technological and tactical revolution Diu: control of the Indian Ocean Expansion and strengthening of the empire: repercussions on its naval structure Naval organisation in the Atlantic The collapse of the Portuguese navy Bibliography Chapter 7 - THE SPANISH IMPERIAL WARS OF THE SIXTEENTH CENTURY (Antonio Jose Rodriguez Hernandez) Politics and conflicts Changes in the army The consolidation of a permanent army Structures and chains of command: the tercios Recruitment The militias The Indian host The defensive system and its logic: presidios and armies Military operations Battles and actions in the open field Fortifications and siege warfare Armament The pikemen Firearms The cavalry The navy Bibliography Glossary Index

Product Details

  • ISBN13: 9780815399995
  • Format: Paperback
  • Number Of Pages: 330
  • ID: 9780815399995
  • weight: 590
  • ISBN10: 0815399995

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