Since the 1980s, investigative journalism has undergone startling development in South America, where repressive regimes have long relegated such reporting to marginal publications or underground outlets. Watchdog Journalism in South America explores the rise of critical journalism in four countries: Argentina, Brazil, Colombia, and Peru. Drawing upon interviews with journalists and editors and analyzing selected news stories from each country, Silvio Waisbord offers a unique look at the significant differences between critical reporting in developing democracies and that already in place in the United States and European democracies.As Waisbord demonstrates, critical reporting in South America can be better understood as watchdog journalism than as investigative reporting as understood in the tradition of Anglo-American journalism. Examining the historical absence of a muckraking press, he argues that watchdog journalism represents new political and media dynamics and discusses the emergence of a new journalistic culture and its contributions to the quality of democracy and public debates about morality, truth, and accountability.
Silvio Waisbord is assistant professor in the Department of Communications at Rutgers University in New Brunswick, New Jersey. He is the author of The Great Parade: Election Campaigns and Mass Media in Argentina, as well as numerous articles about media, politics, and globalization.
Introduction: Investigative Reporting and Watchdog JournalismI. The Mainstreaming of Watchdog Journalism1. The Dogs That Didn't Bark2. The Barks3. Why Watchdogs BarkII. The Social Organization and Culture of Newsmaking4. The Politics of Sources5. Parallel Ideals: Facticity and Objectivity in ExposCs6. Professional Crusaders: The Politics of Professional JournalismIII. Watchdog Journalism and the Quality of Democracy7. Can Watchdog Journalism Tell the Truth?8. Watchdog Journalism and Democratic AccountabilityConclusion