This text presents research on the chemical interaction of aqueous fluids with the rock matrix containing them. The contributions come from a wide variety of geologic settings and include groundwater-aquifer reactions, hydrothermal fluids in volcanic and ore deposit environments and water-rock interaction in geothermal areas. The focus is on upper crustal and near surface environments. The presented research comprises field studies as well as experimental work. The book adds new data and understanding to the multifaceted general process of chemical interaction of water and rock.
Preface. Groundwater -- field and experimental studies. Groundwater Evolution in an Arid Coastal Region of the Sultanate of Oman based on Geochemical and Isotopic Tracers; C.E. Weyhenmeyer. A combined isotopic tool box for the investigation of water-rock interaction: An overview of Sr, B, O, H isotopes and U-series in deep groundwaters from the Vienne granitoid (France); P. Negrel, et al. Water-rock reaction experiments with Black Forest gneiss and granite; K. Bucher, I. Stober. The distribution of rare earth elements and yttrium in water-rock interactions: field observations and experiments; P. Moller. Hydrothermal and volcanic settings. A case study of gas-water-rock interaction in a volcanic aquifer: the south-western flank of Mt. Etna (Sicily); A. Aiuppa, et al. Modelling chemical brine-rock interaction in geothermal reservoirs; M. Kuhn, et al. Mineral deposits. Water-rock reactions in a barite-fluorite underground mine, Black Forest (Germany); I. Stober, et al. Extensional Veins and Pb-Zn Mineralisation in basement rocks: The role of penetration of formation brines; S. Gleeson, B. Yardley. Experimental studies. Interaction of polysilicic and monosilicic acid with mineral surfaces; M. Dietzel.