Water Scarcity and Sustainable Agriculture in Semiarid Environment: Tools, Strategies and Challenges for Woody Crops explores the complex relationship between water scarcity and climate change, agricultural water-use efficiency, crop-water stress management and modeling water scarcity in woody crops. Understanding these cause- and effect relationships and identifying the most appropriate responses are critical for sustainable crop production. The book focuses on Mediterranean environments to explain how to determine the most appropriate strategy and implement an effective plan; however, core concepts are translational to other regions. Informative for those working in agricultural water management, irrigation and drainage, crop physiology and sustainable agriculture.
Section 1: Water Scarcity - Climate Change and Environmental Challenges 1. Water Management and Climate Change in Semiarid Environments 2. Water-Energy Nexus in Irrigated Areas. Lessons from Real Case Studies 3. Water Footprint Accounting for Improving Irrigation Management in Olive Trees 4. Local and Collective Actions for Adaptation to Use Less Water for Agriculture in the Mediterranean Region Section 2: Crop Water Stress Management and Water Use Efficiency Under Drought Conditions 5. Agronomical Effects of Deficit Irrigation in Apricot, Peach, and Plum Trees 6. Deficit Irrigation Management in Early-Maturing Peach Crop 7. Long-Term Physiological and Agronomic Responses of Citrus Irrigated With Saline Reclaimed Water 8. Persimmon (Diospyros kaki) Trees Responses to Restrictions in Water Amount and Quality 9. Precision Irrigation in Olive (Olea europaea L.) Tree Orchards 10. Water and Heat Fluxes in Mediterranean Vineyards: Indicators and Relevance for Management 11. Irrigation of Pistachios: Strategies to Confront Water Scarcity 12. Sustainable Deficit-Irrigation Management in Almonds (Prunus dulcis L.): Different Strategies to Assess the Crop Water Status 13. Irrigation Strategies for Mango (Mangifera indica L.) Under Water-Scarcity Scenario in the Mediterranean Subtropical Environment 14. Avocado (Persea americana Mill.) Trends in Water-Saving Strategies and Production Potential in a Mediterranean Climate, the Study Case of SE Spain: A Review Section 3: Physiological and Molecular Responses to Drought 15. Fruit Response to Water-Scarcity Scenarios. Water Relations and Biochemical Changes 16. Genetic Improvement of Grapevine (Vitis vinifera L.) Water Use Efficiency: Variability Among Varieties and Clones 17. Mesophyll Conductance to CO2 Diffusion: Effects of Drought and Opportunities for Improvement~ 18. The Olive Tree Under Water Stress: Fitting the Pieces of Response Mechanisms in the Crop Performance Puzzle 19. Environmental Factors Controlling Carbon Assimilation, Growth, and Yield of Papaya (Carica papaya L.) Under Water- Scarcity Scenarios 20. Fleshy Fruit Epidermis is a Protective Barrier Under Water Stress