This work analyzes the processes of nation-building in nineteenth and early-twentieth-century Southeastern Europe. A product of transnational comparative teamwork, this collection represents a coordinated interpretation based on ten varied academic cultures and traditions. The originality of the approach lies in a combination of three factors: seeing nation-building as a process that is to a large extent driven by intellectuals and writers, rather than just a side effect of infrastructural modernization processes; looking at the regional, cross-border ramifications of these processes (rather than in a rigid single-country-by-country perspective); and, looking at the autonomous role of intellectuals in these areas, rather than just seeing Southeastern Europe as an appendix to Europe-at-large, passively undergoing European influences.The essays explore the political instrumentalization of the concepts of folk, people and ethnos in Southeastern Europe in the 'long 19th century' by mapping the discursive and institutional itineraries through which this set of notions became a focal point of cultural and political thought in various national contexts; a process that coincided with the emergence of political modernity.
Diana Mishkova is Director of Centre for Advanced Study, Sofia
Introduction Part I. Ethnos and Citizens: Versions of Cultural-Political Construction of Identity 1.1 Reconciliation of the Spirits and Fusion of the Interests: A"OttomanismA" as an Identity Politics 1.2 The People Incorporated: Constructions of the Nation in Transylvanian Romanian Liberalism, 1838-1848 1.3 A"We, the MacedoniansA": The Paths of Macedonian Supra-Nationalism (1878-1912) 1.4 History and Character: Visions of National Peculiarity in the Romanian Political Discourse of the Nineteenth-Century Part II. Nationalization of Sciences and the Definitions of the Folk 2.1 Barbarians, Civilized People and Bulgarians: Definition of Identity in Textbooks and the Press (1830-1878) 2.2 Narrating 'the People' and 'Disciplining' the Folk: the Constitution of the Hungarian Ethnographic Discipline and the Touristic Movements (1870-1900) 2.3 Who are the Bulgarians? A"Race,A" Science and Politics in Fin-de-Siecle Bulgaria 2.4 Imagining of National Spaces in Interwar Romania. The Emergence of Geopolitics Part III. The Canon-Builders 3.1 Jovan Jovanovic Zmaj and the Serbian Identity between Poetry and History 3.2 A"OttomanA" or A"WesternA": Two Version of Albanianness at the Turn of the 19th Century 3.3 A Contested Nation-Builder: Semseddin Sami FrashA"ri (1850-1904) and the Construction of Albanian and Turkish Nations