The Brookings Institution's Welfare Reform & Beyond Initiative was created to inform the critical policy debates surrounding the upcoming congressional reauthorization of the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) program and a number of related programs that were created or dramatically altered by the 1996 landmark welfare reform legislation. The goal of the project has been to take the large volume of existing and forthcoming research studies and shape them into a more coherent and policy-oriented whole.
This capstone collection gathers twenty brief essays (published between January 2001 and February 2002) that focus on assessing the record of welfare reform, specific issues likely to be debated before the TANF reauthorization, and a broader set of policy options for low-income families. It is a reader-friendly volume that will provide policymakers, the press, and the interested public with a comprehensive guide to the numerous issues that must be addressed as Congress considers the future of the nation's antipoverty policies.
The collection covers the following topics and features a new introduction from the editors: An Overview of Effects to Date
Welfare Reform Reauthorization: An Overview of Problems and Issues
A Tax Proposal for Working Families with Children
Welfare Reform and Poverty
Reducing Non-Marital Births
Which Welfare Reforms are Best for Children?
Welfare and the Economy
What Can Be Done to Reduce Teen Pregnancy and Out-of-Wedlock Births? - Changing Welfare Offices
Welfare Reform and Employment
Fragile Families, Welfare Reform, and Marriage
Health Insurance, Welfare, and Work
Helping the Hard-to-Employ
Sanctions and Welfare Reform
Child Care and Welfare Reform
Job Retention and Advancement in Welfare Reform
Housing and Welfare Reform
Block Grant Structure
Work Support System
Possible Welfare Reform in the Cities