In this book the authors argue for a paradigm shift in the way African wetlands are considered. Current policies and wetland management are too frequently underpinned by a perspective that views agriculture simply as a threat and disregards its important contribution to livelihoods. In rural areas where people are entrenched in poverty, wetlands (in particular wetland agriculture) have a critical role to play in supporting and developing peoples' livelihoods. Furthermore, as populations rise and climate change takes grip they will be increasingly important.
The authors argue that an approach to wetland management that is much more people focused is required. That is an approach that instead of being concerned primarily with environmental outcomes is centred on livelihood outcomes supported by the sustainable use of natural wetland resources.
The authors stress the need for Integrated Water Resource Management and landscape approaches to ensure sustainable use of wetlands throughout a river catchment and the need for wetland management interventions to engage with a wide range of stakeholders. They also assess the feasibility of creating incentives and value in wetlands to support sustainable use. Drawing on nine empirical case studies, this book highlights the different ways in which sustainable use of wetlands has been sought, each case focusing on specific issues about wetlands, agriculture and livelihoods.
Adrian Wood is Professor of Sustainability at the University of Huddersfield School of Business, UK and Director of Wetland Action. Alan Dixon is a Senior Lecturer in the Institute of Science and the Environment, University of Worcester, UK. Matthew McCartney is a Principal Researcher with the International Water Management Institute (IWMI), currently based in Lao PDR but until recently based in Ethiopia.
1. People-centred Wetland Management Adrian Wood, Alan Dixon and Matthew McCartney 2. The Value of Wetlands for Livelihood Support in Tanzania and Zambia Matthew McCartney 3. Catchments and Wetlands: a Functional Landscape Approach to Sustainable Use of Seasonal Wetlands in Central Malawi Adrian Wood and Patrick Thawe 4. Local Institutions, Social Capital and Sustainable Wetland Management: Experiences from Western Ethiopia Alan Dixon, Afework Hailu and Tilahun Semu 5. The Emergence of a Systemic View for the Sustainable Governance and Use of Wetlands in Complex and Transforming Environments: Experiences from Craigieburn, South Africa Sharon Pollard and Derek du Toit 6. Assessing the Ecological Sustainability of Wetland Cultivation: Experiences from Zambia and Malawi Donovan Kotze 7. Sustainable Management of Wetlands for Livelihoods: Uganda's Experiences and Lessons Barbara Nakangu and Robert Bagyenda 8. Managing a Ramsar Site to Support Agriculture and Fisheries: Lake Chilwa, Malawi Daniel Jamu and Lisa-Maria Rebelo and Katherine A. Snyder 9. Agriculture, Livelihoods and Fadama Restoration in Northern Nigeria Adamu I. Tanko 10. Wetlands and Rice Development in West Africa Paul Kiepe and Jonne Rodenburg 11. Conclusions: Transforming Wetland Livelihoods Adrian Wood, Alan Dixon and Matthew McCartney