A magisterial mappa mundi of the terrain that Pierre Hadot has so productively worked for decades, this ambitious book revises our view of ancient philosophy - and in doing so, proposes that we change the way we see philosophy itself. Hadot takes ancient philosophy out of its customary realm of names, dates, and arid abstractions and plants it squarely in the thick of life. Through a meticulous historical reading, he shows how the various schools, trends, and ideas of ancient Greek and Roman philosophy all tended toward one goal: to provide a means for achieving happiness in this life, by transforming the individual's mode of perceiving and being in the world.
Pierre Hadot was Professor Emeritus, College de France. His books include Philosophy as a Way of Life and Plotinus.
Acknowledgments Translator's Note Introduction I. The Platonic Definition of "Philosopher" and Its Antecedents 1. Philosophy before Philosophy 2. The Inception of the Idea of "Doing Philosophy" 3. The Figure of Socrates 4. The Definition of "Philosopher" in Plato's Symposium II. Philosophy as a Way of Life 5. Plato and the Academy 6. Aristotle and His School 7. The Hellenistic Schools 8. Philosophical Schools in the Imperial Period 9. Philosophy and Philosophical Discourse III. Interruption and Continuity: The Middle Ages and Modern Times 10. Christianity as a Revealed Philosophy 11. Eclipses and Recurrences of the Ancient Concept of Philosophy 12. Questions and Perspectives Notes Quotations of Ancient Texts Selected Bibliography Chronology Index