In recent decades agricultural commodity surpluses in the developed world have contributed to a mantra of 'land surplus' in which set-aside, extensification, alternative land uses and 'wilding' have been key terms in debates over land. Quite suddenly all this has changed as a consequence of rapidly shifting commodity markets. Prices for cereals, oil seeds and other globally traded commodities have risen sharply. A contributor to this has been the shift to bioenergy cropping, fuelled by concerns over post-peak oil and climate change. Agricultural supply chain interests have embraced the 'new environmentalism' of climate change with enthusiasm, proudly proclaiming the readiness of the industry to produce both food and energy crops, and to do so with a neo-liberal confidence in markets to determine the balance between food and non-food crops in land use.
But policy and politics have not necessarily caught up with these market and industry-led changes and some environmentalists are beginning to challenge the assumptions of the new 'productivism'. Is it necessarily the case, they ask, that agriculture's best contribution to tackling climate change is to grow bioenergy crops or invest in anaerobic-digesters or make land over for windfarms? Might not there be an equally important role in maximising the carbon sequestration or water-holding properties of biodiverse land? What is Land For? tackles these key cutting-edge issues of this new debate by setting out a baseline of evidence and ideas.
Michael Winter OBE is Professor of Rural Policy and Director of the Centre for Rural Policy Research, Department of Politics, at the University of Exeter. Matt Lobley is Senior Research Fellow and Assistant Director of the Centre for Rural Policy Research.
Acknowledgements Contributors 1. Introduction: Knowing the Land Part I: New Uses of Land: Technologies, Policies, Tools and Capacities 2. Strategic Land Use for Ecosystem Services 3. Perennial Energy Crops: Implications and Potential 4. Soaking up the Carbon 5. Anaerobic Digestion and its Implications for Land Use 6. Watery Land: The Management of Lowland Floodplains in England 7. Ecosystems Services in Dynamic and Contested Landscapes: The Case of UK Uplands Part II: Emerging Issues and New Perspectives 8. Adaptation of Biodiversity to Climate Change: An Ecological Perspective 9. Public Engagement in New Productivism 10. A Story of Becoming: Landscape Creation through an Art/Science Dynamic 11. Agricultural Stewardship, Climate Change and Public Goods Debate 12. Regulating Land Use Technologies: How Does Government Juggle the Risks? 13. The Land Debate - 'Doing the Right Thing' Ethical Approaches to Land -use Decision Making 14. Conclusions Index