Where Water Seeps!: Towards a New Phase in India's Irrigation Reforms

Where Water Seeps!: Towards a New Phase in India's Irrigation Reforms

By: R. S. Deshpande (author), A. Narayanamoorthy (author)Hardback

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Description

History of irrigation reforms in India dates back to the beginning of the 20th century. A number of studies have addressed to the need and process of reforms but these largely ended with two rhythmic suggestions involving pricing of irrigation water and participatory management of the sources of irrigation. It is startling to note that most of these solutions are a century old. The authors have provided evidence that these reform solutions began from the very First Irrigation Commission Report of 1903, and continued thereafter, reappearing periodically almost after every two decades albeit with fragmentary success. This study integrates efforts of the authors incorporating more than a decade's sustained work addressing to the question of irrigation reforms in the current context. The authors preferred not to take the usually traded path and at the same time not totally avoiding it analytically. Here's a study that covers the entire canvass of irrigation development in India and addresses the issues for further analysis. It dwells over the specific problem of irrigation, to provide the technically feasible and economically viable solutions under declining availability of water and increasing demand for it. The study incorporates analysis of the nexus between poverty and irrigation as well as agricultural wages in the context of irrigation, an area hitherto neglected by irrigation analysts. Finally, it deals with the participatory irrigation management and power subsidy issues in a most candid manner to suggest a path for reforms under the present conditions of scarce water availability and market orientation.

About Author

A Narayanamoorthy is currently working as Reader and Officer-in-Charge, Agro-Economic Research Centre, Gokhale Institute of Politics and Economics (Deemed to be a University), Pune. Dr. Narayanamoorthy has been working in the area of irrigation including micro irrigation and watershed management over the last 15 years. He has published over 75 research articles in both international and Indian journals, and completed over a dozen research projects mainly in the area of irrigation. He has also acted as a consultant for a project on Impact of Irrigation in India: An Aggregate Level Analysis sponsored by the International Water Management Institute, Colombo. He has co-authored two books: An Appraisal of Watershed Development Programme Across Regions in India and State of the Indian Farmer: A Millennium Study (Vol.3: Water Resources) sponsored by the Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India and published by Academic Foundation (2004). R S Deshpande is currently Professor and Head of the Agricultural Develop-ment and Rural Transformation (ADRT) Unit of the Insti-tute for Social and Economic Change (ISEC), Bangalore. Beside 29 years of research and teaching experience, Professor Deshpande has served on various policy bodies of Government of India and Government of Karnataka, and has been consultant to several national and international organisations. Prof. Deshpande was one of the three coordinators for the Ministry of Agriculture sponsored 27-volume mega study State of the Indian Farmer: A Millennium Study published by Academic Foundation (2004). He co-authored two of the volumes under the Millennium Study, namely Vol. 9: Crops and Cultivation and Vol. 23: NGOs and Farmers' Movements. Having several other books to his credit, he has published extensively on agricultural development, WTO and its impact on agriculture, droughts and drought mitigation, farmers' movements, irrigation and watershed development. His current academic interests include: farmers suicides in India, droughts and natural disasters, WTO and its impact on agriculture, and watershed development. Prof. Deshpande is currently a member of the Karnataka Agricultural Prices Commission and an Expert Group on WTO and Agriculture under the Ministry of Commerce, Government of India.

Contents

Foreword; V M RAO; Preface; A NARAYANAMOORTHY AND R S DESHPANDE; 1. Preamble to the Reforms; Introduction; Reform Process; Landmarks in the Reform Process; An Overview of the Reform Process; The Canvass; 2. Irrigation in India: Five Decades of Development; Introduction; Investment in MMI and MI at the National Level; Source-wise Growth Trend in Irrigation. State-wise and Source-wise Irrigation Development; Region-wise spread of Irrigation; Looking Forward; 3. Irrigation Under Stress: Case of Maharashtra; Introduction; Irrigation Development in Maharashtra - A Backdrop; River Basin-wise Use of Water Resources; Investment in Irrigation and Returns; Water Pricing Policy; Conclusions; 4. Economic Viability of Drip Irrigation: An Empirical Analysis from Maharashtra; Introduction; Empirical Context; On Computing Viability; Comparative Cost and Productivity; Water-Use Efficiency; Capital and Production Cost; Benefit-Cost Analysis; Conclusions; 5. Drip Irrigation and its Future in India; Introduction; Economic Advantages of Drip Irrigation; Benefit-Cost Pattern of Drip Irrigation; Need for Drip Irrigation; Potential and Prospects for Drip Irrigation; Policy Initiatives needed; Summary; 6. Nexus of Irrigation and Rural Poverty: A State-wise Analysis; Introduction; A Focus on Poverty-related Studies; Focus and Material; Irrigation and Rural Poverty; Incidence of Poverty and Characteristics of the States; Irrigation and Poverty; Concluding the Nexus; 7. Irrigation, Agrarian Relations and Agricultural Labourers: A State-wise Analysis; Introduction; Irrigation Status of the States; Growth of Agricultural Labour Households and Irrigation. Real Wage Rate of Agricultural Labourers and Irrigation; Indebtedness of Agricultural Labour Households and Irrigation; Agricultural Labour and Irrigation: An Emerging View; 8. Irrigation Development and Agricultural Wages: An Analysis Across States; Introduction; Existing Approaches; Postulating the Issue; Growth of Real Wage Rate; Irrigation and Real Earnings Nexus; Minimum Wages - Money wages and Irrigation Nexus; Gender Wage Differentials and Irrigation; Conclusions; 9. Reinventing Participation in Irrigation Management; Introduction; Role of Institutions: A Theoretical Scaffolding; Collective Action and Irrigation Management; The Process of Formation; PIM in Retrospect; Evidence from the Field; Sustenance and Economic Viability; Conclusions; 10. Impact of Electricity Tariff Policies on the Use of Electricity and Groundwater: Arguments and Facts; Introduction; The Arguments; Importance of Different Tariff Policies; State-wise Comparative Analysis; A View Across the States; Alternative Options; Conclusions; 11. Electric Pumpset and Groundwater Management: Macro and Micro Evidence; Introduction; Groundwater Use - A National Level Picture; State Level Analysis of Tamil Nadu; Tariff System and Consumption of Electricity; Tariff Policy and Groundwater Management- Reflection from the Field; Pro Rata (PR), Flat-Rate (FR) and Free Electricity (FE0) - A Comparison; Conclusion; 12. Consolidating the Reform Agenda; India's Irrigation Sector: Five Decades of Development. Conspectus of Our Analysis; Disputes Between States; Future Process; References; Index.

Product Details

  • ISBN13: 9788171884216
  • Format: Hardback
  • Number Of Pages: 302
  • ID: 9788171884216
  • weight: 600
  • ISBN10: 8171884210

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