Who One is: Bk. 2 Existenz and Transcendental Phenomenology (Phaenomenologica 190)
By: James G. Hart (author)Hardback
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'If I am asked in the framework of Book 1, 'Who are you?' I, in answering, might say 'I don't know who in the world I am'. Nevertheless there is a sense in which I always know what 'I' refers to and can never not know, even if I have become, e.g., amnesiac. Yet in Book 2, 'Who are you?' has other senses of oneself in mind than the non-sortal 'myself'. For example, it might be the pragmatic context, as in a bureaucratic setting; but 'Who are you?' or 'Who am I?' might be more anguished and be rendered by 'What sort of person are you?' or 'What sort am I?' Such a question often surfaces in the face of a 'limit-situation', such as one's death or in the wake of a shameful deed where we are compelled to find our 'centers', what we also will call 'Existenz'. 'Existenz' here refers to the center of the person. In the face of the limit-situation one is called upon to act unconditionally in the determination of oneself and one's being in the world. In this Book 2 we discuss chiefly one's normative personal-moral identity which stands in contrast to the transcendental I where one's non-sortal unique identity is given from the start.
This moral identity requires a unique self-determination and normative self-constitution which may be thought of with the help of the metaphor of 'vocation'. We will see that it has especial ties to one's Existenz as well as to love. This Book 2 claims that the moral-personal ideal sense of who one is is linked to the transcendental who through a notion of entelechy. The person strives to embody the I-ness that one both ineluctably is and which, however, points to who one is not yet and who one ought to be. The final two chapters tell a philosophical-theological likely story of a basic theme of Plotinus: We must learn to honor ourselves because of our honorable kinship and lineage 'Yonder'.
James G. Hart (b. 1936) did a Ph.D. at the University of Chicago after research in Munich on Hedwig Conrad Martius. He taught at Indiana University, Bloomington (USA) from 1971-2001 in the Department of Religious Studies. His writings have been primarily in the area of phenomenology; his teaching was primarily in the philosophy of religion and peace studies. Since retirement he has spent his energy on philosophy and on reform of the criminal justice system.
Preface: Transition from Book 1 and Prologue to Book 2 Chapter I: Assenting to My Death and that of the Other 1. My Death 2. Inherent Obstacles to the Real Assent to My Mortality 3. Death as Danger and Destiny 4. The Meaning of the Annihilation of an Individual Essence 5. The Secret of Death 6. Ghosts, Corpses, and Homer on the Secret of Death Chapter II. Transcendental Attitude and the Mystery of Death 1. The Mystery of Death and Ipseity 2. Transcendental Attitude and the Mystery of "My Death" 3. "My Death" and the Prospective Retrospection of "My Life" 4. "My Death" as a Gathering Experience 5. Transcendental Phenomenological Reflection on the Realization of "My Death" 6. The Question of the Appropriateness of the Transcendental Attitude in the Realization of "My Death" 7. Philosophy as Theoretic Analysis and as Preparation for Death Chapter III: Existenz, Conscience, and the Transcendental I 1. Existenz as a Third-Person Reference to First-Person Experience 2. Limit-Situations and Existenz 3. Conscience and Ought 4. The Problem of the Pure Conscience 5. Conscience and the Center of the I 6. Conscience, Existenz, and the Transcendental I 7. Excursus: "I myself" and my Daimonion 8. Excursus: The Illumination of Existenz and the Proustian-Stoic "Cataleptic Impression" Chapter IV: Ipseity and Teleology 1. Freedom to Do and Not to Do What Must Be Done 2. The Self-Inadequation of the Person 3. Position-Taking Acts as the Medium of Personhood 4. Self-Identifying Acts and the Moral Person 5. Ipseity and Freedom 6.Summary: Teleology of Personal Being 7. A Sense in Which Who One Is Equates With What Sort of Person One Is 8. The Sort of Person One Is and Freedom 9. Who One Is and One's Story Chapter V: The Calling of Existenz 1. The Ideal True Self and the Metaphor of Vocation 2. Truths of Will 3. Love and Existenz 4. Existenz, Love, and Communication 5. Evidence for a Unique Calling: Husserl's Example 6. The Calling as Limit-Situation 7. The Ontological End and the Purposes of the Person 8. The Calling and the Analogous Love of the Self's Essence Chapter VI: Philosophical Theology of Vocation. Part One: Historical Setting 1. Plotinus: The Form of Socrates and the True Self 2. Christianity: A Calling Before the Creation of the World 3. Excursus: The Spiral of Spiritual Ascent in Sufism 4. Some More Differences between Neo-Platonism and Christianity Chapter VII: Philosophical Theology of Vocation. Part Two: Systematic-Theological Synthesis 1. Analogy, Exemplarism, and the Dogma of God the Creator 2. Analogy, Exemplarism, and the Divine Master Builder 3. Beginning Reflections on the Metaphysics of the Divine Exemplarity of the "Myself" 4. Three Aspects Under Which An Eternal Idea or Essence Can Be Made Present 5. Divine Awareness of the Unique Ipseity 6. The Theological Distinction 7. Wholes and Parts of The Theological Distinction 8. The Absurd, Paradox, and The Theological Distinction 9. Excursus on Prayer and the Stance of Faith 10. The Analogy of Divine Self-Awareness and Intentionality 11. Three Alternatives Avoided: Correlationism, Process Philosophy, and Monism 12. Conclusion
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