Over the course of a literary career that extended from the lingering Malthusian controversies of the late eighteenth century to the brink of the Reform Act of 1832, William Hazlitt produced a remarkable body of committed radical journalism. Against the view that partisan passion undermined his aesthetic judgment and compromised his celebrated disinterestedness, William Hazlitt: Political Essayist restores politics to the center of his achievement as a
critic and essayist. In doing so Kevin Gilmartin explores his constructive relationship with the early nineteenth-century popular reform movement, while acknowledging his desire to reflect critically on radical politics and express his own doubts about social progress. Early chapters attend closely to his
critical method and matters of style and form, focusing on the political development of his contradictory prose manner. Paradox and inconsistency are central to his attack on 'Legitimacy', a term he drew form the lexicon of post-Napoleonic political journalism. In treating legitimate government as a revived form of divine right monarchy, Hazlitt often produced harrowing visions of the perfect refinement of oppressive power and the complete elimination of any principle of liberty or
resistance. At the same time he found ways to preserve his commitment to oppositional political expression and the redemptive necessity of what he termed 'a word uttered against'. Later chapters bring together the spiritual heritage of rational Dissent and emerging democratic developments in London to
understand Hazlitt's distinctive mobilization of radical memory as a way of contending with present injustice and envisioning a political future.
Kevin Gilmartin has written widely on late eighteenth- and early nineteenth-century British literature, with a particular interest in the politics of print culture. He is Professor of English Literature at the California Institute of Technology and a regular visiting professor in English and the Centre for Eighteenth Century Studies at the University of York. He is the author of Print Politics: The Press and Radical Opposition in Early Nineteenth Century England (Cambridge, 1996) and Writing against Revolution: Literary Conservatism in Britain, 1790-1832 (Cambridge, 2007), and the co-editor with James Chandler of Romantic Metropolis: The Urban Scene of British Culture, 1780-1840 (Cambridge, 2005). His articles have appeared in edited collections and in such journals as Studies in Romanticism, ELH, Representations, and the Journal of British Studies.
Introduction: Political Hazlitt ; 1. Radical Essayist ; 2. Radical Argument ; 3. Being Critical: History and Contradiction ; 4. Dissenting Memory ; 5. Representing Metropolitan Liberty ; Conclusion: Radical Politics and the Arts