Soon after the start of the Great War, work hastily began on a series of hutted camps in Wiltshire for more than 100,000 men, and during the course of the war it became home to troops from Canada, Australia and New Zealand as well as Britain. With soldiers forming a third of the population the effect on the businesses, farms, and indeed the morals of the county was dramatic. Even after the Armistice peace did not return, with mutinies and rioting in the camps because of frustration at delays in demobilization.
T.S. Crawford was born in Devon and educated at Marlborough College in Wiltshire at a time when there was much public interest in the army's retention of the Salisbury Plain village of Imber, which had been evacuated in 1943 for training purposes. This awakened his interest in the military use of Wiltshire. Subsequently he joined the Civil Service, first as an editor and then as a press officer. After retiring he researched in great detail army training in Wiltshire between 1897 and 1920, resulting in the publication of the first edition of Wiltshire and the Great War in 1999. He has spent most of his life in and around Wiltshire and now devotes his time to voluntary environmental work.