This is the first comprehensive study of Wittgenstein's philosophy of value to deal with ethics, aesthetics and religious value. Ludwig Wittgenstein (1889-1951) was one of the most important and influential thinkers of the 20th century. In "Wittgenstein and Value", Eric B. Litwack attempts to clarify his many challenging ideas and arguments related to the notion of value and the implications of his work for debates in contemporary ethics, aesthetics and religious studies. Litwack shows that Wittgenstein was engaged in a project of philosophical anthropology, which set him against some of the main currents of 20th century intellectual life.The book explores the key notions in Wittgenstein's philosophy of mind and language and reveals how he developed a consistently expressionistic conception of value, in its many manifestations. Litwack also examines some of the key arguments of post-Wittgensteinian philosophers in the analytic Anglo-American tradition and explores the ways in which they have used Wittgenstein's arguments in addressing contemporary philosophical problems.
Eric B. Litwack is a philosopher in the faculty of Queen's University at Kingston's International Study Centre in East Sussex, UK.
Preface; 1. Wittgenstein's Early Conception of Value; 2. Language-Games, the Private Language Argument and Aspect Psychology; 3. The Soul and Attitudes Towards the Living; 4. Particularism, Rule-Following, and Evaluations; 5. The Meaning and Value of 'The Religious Point of View'; 6. Wittgenstein on Art: Reactions and Causes; 7. Aesthetic Realism and the Definition of Art; 8. Forms of Life, Moral Truth and Justification; 9. Doubt and Certainty: Framework Beliefs and Core Values; 10. Cultural Relativism and Institutional Embodiment; Conclusion: How to Do Things with Wittgenstein.