Women typically do not remain passive spectators during a war, nor are they always is innocent victims; instead, they frequently take on new roles and responsibilities, participating in military and political struggles and building new networks in order to obtain needed resources for their families. Consequently, while civil war imposes tremendous burdens on women, it often contributes to the redefinition of their traditional roles and the reconfiguration of existing gender relations in the society. This work presents a detailed analysis of how intrastate conflict affects women, and how women's networks and organizations respond in ways that increase their economic, social, and political power. The authors also consider policy implications for the international community.
Krishna Kumar is senior social scientist with the U.S. Agency for International Development. His recent publications include Rebuilding after Civil War: Critical Areas for International Assistance and Postconflict Elections, Democratization, and International Assistance.
Introduction - K. Kumar. Intrastate Conflicts, Women, and Gender Relations: An Overview - K. Kumar. * Confronting the Aftermath of Conflict: Women's Organizations in Rwanda - C. Newbury and H. Baldwin. * Women's Organizations in Postconflict Cambodia - K. Kumar and H. Baldwin. * Georgia in Transition--A.L. Morton, S.A. Nan, T. Buck, and F. Zurikashvilli. * Women's Organizations in Postconflict Bosnia and Herzegovina - M. Walsh. * El Salvador and Guatemala: Refugee Camp and Repatriation Experiences - P. Weiss Fagen and S.Y. Yudelman. * Women's Organizations in El Salvador - L. Stephen K. Reaay, and S. Cosgrove. * Conclusion: International Assistance to Women's Organizations Lessons for the International Community - K. Kumar.