Where are the women? In traditional historical and scholarly accounts of the making and fighting of wars, women are often nowhere to be seen. With few exceptions, war stories are told as if men were the only ones who plan, fight, are injured by, and negotiate ends to wars. As the pages of this book tell, though, those accounts are far from complete. Women can be found at every turn in the (gendered) phenomena of war. Women have participated in the making, fighting, and concluding of wars throughout history, and their participation is only increasing at the turn of the 21st century. Women experience war in multiple ways: as soldiers, as fighters, as civilians, as caregivers, as sex workers, as sexual slaves, refugees and internally displaced persons, as anti-war activists, as community peace-builders, and more. This book at once provides a glimpse into where women are in war, and gives readers the tools to understood women s (told and untold) war experiences in the greater context of the gendered nature of global social and political life.
Boxes and Tables vi Abbreviations viii Contributors xiii Foreword by Cynthia Enloe xv Acknowledgments xvii 1 Women and Wars: Toward a Conceptual Framework 1 Carol Cohn 2 Women and the Political Economy of War 36 Angela Raven-Roberts 3 Sexual Violence and Women s Health in War 54 Pamela DeLargy 4 Women Forced to Flee: Refugees and Internally Displaced Persons 80 Wenona Giles 5 Women and Political Activism in the Face of War and Militarization 102 Carol Cohn and Ruth Jacobson 6 Women and State Military Forces 124 Jennifer G. Mathers 7 Women, Girls, and Non-State Armed Opposition Groups 146 Dyan Mazurana 8 Women and Peace Processes 169 Malathi de Alwis, Julie Mertus, and Tazreena Sajjad 9 Women, Girls, and Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration (DDR) 194 Dyan Mazurana and Linda Eckerbom Cole 10 Women "After" Wars 215 Ruth Jacobson Notes 242 References 250 Index 279