This book makes an important contribution towards an understanding of citizenship as mediated by other collective, historically determined identities: of gender, ethnicity, class and national status. It brings together a group of prominent international scholars from moral philosophy, law, political science and sociology to offer a major reconceptualization of the idea of citizenship.
Throughout, the book is concerned with the current dismantling of welfare states, the attack on civil society and the rise in state terror and religious and cultural findamentalisms. The contributors demonstrate how the growing ambivalence of state sovereignty in the face of multi-national capitalism and the absence of political accountability structures are complicit in the definitions of gendered citizenship. Against these, women's communal mobilization and political activism are considered in terms of their power effects and political potentialities; the book as a whole shows the need to negotiate and transcend difference and to find means for creating alliances across differences.
The most comprehensive, comparative statement on the present state of the gender and citizenship debate available, this book will be necessary reading for students and academics of nationalism, citizenship, human rights, globalization and women's studies.
Pnina Werbner is professor emerita in social anthropology at Keele University. She is an urban anthropologist who has studied Muslim South Asians in Britain and Pakistan and, more recently, the women's movement and the Manual Workers Union in Botswana.
Introduction - Pnina Werbner and Nira Yuval-Davis Part I Dialogical Citizenships 1. Citizenship Revisited - Alison Assiter 2. Right-Wing "Feminism" - Birgit Rommelspacher 3. "It Works Both Ways": Belonging and Social Participation Among Women with Disabilities - Judith Monks Part II: Exclusionary Citizenships 4. Female Education and Citizenships in Afghanistan - Niloufar Pourzand 5. Citizenship, Difference and Education: Reflections Inspired by the South African Transition - Elaine Unterhalter 6. Producing the Mothers of the Nation - Race, Class and Contemporary US Population Policies - Patricia Hill-Collins 7. Constitutionally Excluded: Citizenship and (Some) Irish Women - Ronit Lentin Part III Ambivalent Citizens: Migrants and Refugees 8. Feminism, Multiculturalism, Essentialism - Aleksandra Alund 9. Muslim and South Asian Women, Customary Law and Citizenship in Britain - Samia Bano 10. Embodied Rights: Gender Persecution, State Sovereignty and Refugees - Jacqueline Bhabha 11. Refugee Women in Serbia - Maja Korac Part IV: Feminist Citizenships in a Global Ecumene 12. Globalization and the Gendered Politics of Citizenship - Jan Jindi Pettman 14. Political Motherhood and the Feminization of Citizenship - Pnina Werbner 15. An Agenda of One's Wwn - The Tribulations of the Peruvian Feminist Movement - Virginia Vargas and Cecilia Olea