Women, Enlightenment and Catholicism explores, for the first time, the uncharted territory of women's religious Enlightenment. Each chapter offers a biographical insight into the social and cultural context of female Enlighteners and how Catholic women in Europe used the thought and values of Enlightenment to articulate their beliefs about how to live their faith in the world.
The collection of portraits within this book offers a closer look into the new understanding of womanhood that emerged from Enlightenment culture and was conceived independently from marital relationships. They also highlight the distinctive contributions that women made to political and religious philosophy, spirituality and mysticism, and the efforts to bring scientific knowledge to the attention of other women.
Guiding readers through the complex religious, intellectual and global connections influenced by the Enlightenment, Women, Enlightenment and Catholicism brings the achievements of Enlightenment women to the foreground and restores them to their rightful place in intellectual history. It is ideal reading for scholars and students of Enlightenment history, early modern religion and early modern women's history.
Ulrich L. Lehner is Professor of Religious History and Historical Theology at Marquette University. A member of the European Academy of Sciences and Arts, he has received awards and fellowships from the Princeton Institute for Advanced Study, the Notre Dame Institute of Advanced Study, the Earhart Foundation, the German Humboldt Foundation and the Carl Friedrich von Siemens Foundation. He is the award-winning author of several scholarly works on early modern and modern history of religion.
Introduction Chapter 1: Piety and popularity: the life and works of Felicite de Genlis (1746-1830) Carolina Armenteros Chapter 2: Marie Leprince de Beaumont (1711-1780): A popular religious pedagogue Alicia C. Montoya Chapter 3: Adelaide d'Orleans (1698-1743): the Abbess of Chelles Therese Taylor Chapter 4: Josefa Amar y Borbon (1749-1833): an intellectual woman Monica Bolufer Chapter 5: Maria Gertrudis Hore (1742-1801): the neoclassic poetry and Enlightenment thought of a cloistered Spanish nun Elizabeth Franklin Lewis Chapter 6: Maria Lorenza de los Rios y Loyo, Marquesa de Fuerte-Hijar: women's writing and dharity in the Spanish Enlightenment Catherine M. Jaffe Chapter 7: Teresa de Mello Breyner, Countess of Vimieiro (1739-1798?) Raquel Bello and Elias Torres Chapter 8: Faith, science and the modern body: Anna Morandi's studies of human anatomy in wax Rebecca Messbarger Chapter 9: The scientist and the saint: Laura Bassi's Enlightened Catholicism Paula Findlen Chapter 10: Maria Eleonora Sporck (1687 1717) and Anna Katharina Sweerts-Sporck (1689 1754): practitioners and promoters of the word at the edge of the Enlightenment Veronika Capska Chapter 11: Between nation and universe: Caroline Pichler's (1769-1843) Catholicism Anke Gilleir Chapter 12: Faith, education, renewal: Amalia von Gallitzin (1748-1806) Andreas Oberdorf Chapter 13: Maria Kunigunde of Saxony (1740-1826): abbess, princess and industrial pioneer in the Free Secular Women's College in Essen Ute Kueppers-Braun Chapter 14: Between revolutionary Jacobins and English Catholic Cisalpines: the roles of Elizabeth Inchbald (1753-1821) in the age of Enlightenment Michael Tomko Chapter 15: Fenelonian reform, Catholic Jacobites and Jane Barker's Enlightenment dramas of conscience Anna Battigelli Chapter 16: Izabela Czartoryska and Catholic devotion in the eighteenth-century Polish garden Agnieszka Whelan