China's countryside is being transformed by rapid, far-reaching development. This wide-reaching and multidisciplinary book questions whether gender politics are changing in response to this development, and explores how gender politics inform and are reproduced or reconfigured in the languages, knowledge, processes and practices of development in rural China.
The contributors - prominent scholars in the fields of political science, sociology, gender, development and Chinese studies - argue that although gender has been elided in recent development policies, women have been singled out as a `vulnerable group' requiring protection, instruction and `empowerment' from paternalistic state and NGOs. Nevertheless, development has facilitated the dissemination of gender equality as an ideal and institutional norm, increased the channels through which women can advance claims for equal rights, and expanded the possibilities for agency available to them. Drawing on extensive field research in sites across China, from remote communities in Inner Mongolia and Guizhou to the fringes of expanding cities, the contributors illustrate how different women are bringing their own aspirations for development to bear in the momentous changes occurring in rural China.
This compelling and thought-provoking book will be of interest to scholars, students and researchers in the fields of public and social policy, sociology, political economy, anthropology, gender and development.
Edited by Tamara Jacka and Sally Sargeson, Australian National University
Contents: Introduction: Conceptualizing Women, Gender and Rural Development in China Tamara Jacka and Sally Sargeson PART I: WOMEN SHAPING DEVELOPMENT 1. Gender, Citizenship and Agency in Land Development Sally Sargeson and Song Yu 2. Labour, Leisure, Gender and Generation: The Organization of `Wan' and the Notion of `Gender Equality' in Contemporary Rural China Yuqin Huang 3. Taking the Stage: Rural Kam Women and Contemporary Kam `Cultural Development' Catherine Ingram, with Wu Jialing, Wu Meifang, Wu Meixiang, Wu Pinxian and Wu Xuegui (Kam singers and song experts) PART II: TANGLED TIES: POLICIES, INSTITUTIONS AND DISCOURSES 4. Reproduction and Real Property in Rural China: Three Decades of Development and Discrimination Laurel Bossen 5. `Good Citizens Prefer Daughters': Gender, Rurality and the Care for Girls Campaign Lisa Eklund 6. Challenging the Gendered Dimensions of Schooling: The State, NGOs and Transnational Alliances Heidi Ross PART III: THE GLOBAL, THE LOCAL AND THE PROJECT 7. Developing Yunnan's Rural and Ethnic Minority Women: A Development Practitioner's Self-reflections Zhao Jie 8. Engendering the Local: Globalization, Development and the `Empowerment' of Chinese Rural Women Sharon R. Wesoky 9. Myths and Realities: Gender and Participation in a Donor-aided Project in Northern China Yang Lichao References Index