Women in the Ancient Near East provides a collection of primary sources that further our understanding of women from Mesopotamian and Near Eastern civilizations, from the earliest historical and literary texts in the third millennium BC to the end of Mesopotamian political autonomy in the sixth century BC. This book is a valuable resource for historians of the Near East and for those studying women in the ancient world. It moves beyond simply identifying women in the Near East to attempting to place them in historical and literary context, following the latest research. A number of literary genres are represented, including myths and epics, proverbs, medical texts, law collections, letters, treaties, as well as building, dedicatory, and funerary inscriptions.
Mark Chavalas is Professor of History at the University of Wisconsin-La Crosse, where he has taught since 1989. Among his publications are the edited, Emar: The History, Religion, and Culture of a Syrian Town in the Late Bronze Age (1996), Mesopotamia and the Bible (2002), and The Ancient Near East: Historical Sources in Translation (2006), and he has had research fellowships at Yale, Harvard, Cornell, Cal-Berkeley, and a number of other universities. He has nine seasons of excavation at various Bronze Age sites in Syria, including Tell Ashara/Terqa and Tell Mozan/Urkesh.
Introduction Mark W. Chavalas 1. An exploration of the world of women in third-millenium Mesopotamia Harriet Crawford 2. The feminine in myths and epic Alhena Gadotti 3. Sumerian wisdom literature Alhena Gadotti 4. Akkadian wisdom literature Karen Nemet-Nejat 5. Medicine and healing magic JoAnn Scurlock 6. Women and law Martha T. Roth 7. The Epic of Gilgamesh Karen Nemet-Nejat 8. The Descent of Ishtar to the Netherworld compared to Nergal and Ereshkigal Karen Nemet-Nejat 9a. Akkadian texts - Women in letters: Old Assyrian Kanis Cecile Michel 9b. Akkadian texts - Women in letters: The Neo-Assyrian period Sarah C. Melville 10a. Women in Neo-Assyrian texts Sarah C. Melville 10b. Women in Neo-Assyrian inscriptions Karen Nemet-Nejat 11. Women in Hittite ritual Billie Jean Collins 12. Hurro-Hittite storie and Hittite pregnancy and birth rituals Mary Bachvarova Index