In the seven years since the first edition of this book, global attention has focused on some remarkable transitions to democracy on different continents. Unfortunately, those transitions have often failed to improve the situation of women, and democratic practices have not included women in government, homes, and workplaces. At the same time, non-governmental organizations have continued to expand a policy agenda with a concern for women, thanks to the Fourth World Congress on Women and a series of United Nations-affiliated meetings leading up to the one on population and development in Cairo in 1994 and, most important, the Beijing Conference in December 1995, attended by 50,000 people. Two new essays and a new conclusion reflect the upsurge of interest in women and development since 1990. An introductory essay by Sally Baden and Anne Marie Goetz focuses on the conflict over the term \u0022gender\u0022 at the Beijing Conference and the continuing divisions between conservative women and feminists and also between representatives of the North and South.
Kathleen Staudt is Professor Political Science at the University of Texas at El Paso.
Preface to the 1997 Edition Preface to the 1990 Edition 1. Introduction: "Gender Politics in Bureaucracy: Theoretical Issues in Comparative Perspective" - Kathleen Staudt Part I: Women's Political Organizations: Links with Bureaucracy 2. "Who Needs [Sex] When You Can Have [Gender]? Conflicting Discourses at Beijing" - Sally Baden and Anne Marie Goetz 3. "Contradictions of a 'Women's Space' in a Male-Dominant State: The Political Role of the Commissions on the Status of Women in Postauthoritarian Brazil" - Sonia E. Alvarez 4. "Hierarchy and Class in Women's Organizations: A Case from Northern Mexico" - Gay Young Part II: International Agencies 5. "Can an Aid Bureaucracy Empower Women?" - Karin Himmelstrand 6. "The Adaptability of International Development Agencies: The Response of the World Bank to Women in Development" - Nuket Kardam 7. "The Inter-American Foundation and Gender Issues: A Feminist View" - Sally W. Yudelman 8. "The Feminist Agenda in Population: Private Voluntary Organizations" - Judith Helzner and Bonnie Shepard Part III. National Agencies 9. "The Malawi Case: Enclave Politics, Core Resistance, 'Nkhoswe No. 1'" - David Hirschmann 10. "Farming Women, Public Policy, and the Women's Ministry: A Case Study from Cameroon" - Barbara Lewis 11. "Tough Row to Hoe: Women in Nicaragua's Agricultural Cooperatives" - Rural Women's Research Team, Center for the Investigation and Study of Agrarian Reform (CIERA) Part IV. Tinkering with Bureaucracy: Internal Politics, Procedures, and Plans 12. "Women in FAO Projects: Cases from Asia, the Near East, and Africa" - Alice Carloni 13. "Getting to the Third World: Agencies as Gatekeepers" - Katherine Jensen 14. "Planning Social Change: A Misdirected Vision" - Cathy Small 15. "Mainstreaming Women and Development: Four Agency Approaches" - Rounaq Jahan 16. Conclusion: "Strategies for the Future" - Kathleen Staudt and Kristen Timothy List of Contributors