The stark reality is that throughout the world, women disproportionately live in poverty. This indicates that gender can both cause and perpetuate poverty, but this is a complex and cross-cutting relationship.The full enjoyment of human rights is routinely denied to women who live in poverty. How can human rights respond and alleviate gender-based poverty? This monograph closely examines the potential of equality and non-discrimination at international law to redress gender-based poverty. It offers a sophisticated assessment of how the international human rights treaties, specifically the Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW), which contains no obligations on poverty, can be interpreted and used to address gender-based poverty. An interpretation of CEDAW that incorporates the harms of gender-based poverty can spark a global dialogue. The book makes an important contribution to that dialogue, arguing that the CEDAW should serve as an authoritative international standard setting exercise that can activate international accountability mechanisms and inform the domestic interpretation of human rights.
Meghan Campbell is a Lecturer in Law at the University of Birmingham and Deputy-Director of the Oxford Human Rights Hub.
Part I 1. Mapping the Problem I. Defining Gender-Based Poverty II. Gender-Based Poverty as an Obstacle to Human Rights III. The Gap in the International Human Rights Framework IV. The Promise of CEDAW in Addressing Gender-Based Poverty V. Mapping the Solution: An Evolutionary Interpretation of CEDAW VI. Conclusion 2. The Drafting of CEDAW I. Understanding the Past II. The History of CEDAW III. Mapping Gender-Based Poverty in the Travaux Preparatoires IV. Explaining CEDAW's Silence V. Conclusion 3. Strategies for Interpreting CEDAW I. The Art of Interpretation II. The Interpretative Role of UN Human Rights Bodies III. Gender-Based Poverty and the UN Human Rights Bodies IV. Conclusion 4. Interpreting Gender-Based Poverty into CEDAW I. Potential Interpretations of CEDAW II. A Comprehensive Interpretation: Equality and Non-Discrimination in CEDAW III. Nature of the State's Obligations IV. Conclusion Part II 5. The Committee and Gender-Based Poverty I. CEDAW's Accountability Structure II. Mapping the Committee's Approach to Gender-Based Poverty III. Evaluative Discussion IV. Conclusion 6. The Working Methods of the Committee I. Mapping Gender-Based Poverty and the Committee II. A Case Study on the Committee's Working Methods and Gender-Based Poverty III. Reforming the Periodic Reporting Process IV. Conclusion 7. Evolutionary General Recommendations I. The Purpose of General Recommendations II. Evolutionary General Recommendations III. Conclusion 8. Envisioning Gender-Based Poverty in CEDAW I. Introducing Gender-Based Poverty into CEDAW II. A New Interpretation: The Legal Basis for Interpreting Gender-Based Poverty into CEDAW III. Contextualising Gender-Based Poverty in CEDAW IV. Conclusion