Growing urbanization affects women and men in fundamentally different ways, but the relationship between gender and city environments has been ignored or misunderstood. Women and men play different roles, frequent different public areas, and face different health risks. Women suffer disproportionately from disease, injury, and violence because their access to resources is often more limited than that of their male counterparts. Yet, when women are healthy and safe, so are their families and communities. Urban policy makers and public health professionals need to understand how conditions in densely populated places can help or harm the well-being of women in order to serve this large segment of humanity.
Women's Health and the World's Cities illuminates the intersection of gender, health, and urban environments. This collection of essays examines the impact of urban living on the physical and psychological states of women and girls in Africa, Asia, Latin America, and the United States. Urban planners, scholars, medical practitioners, and activists present original research and compelling ideas. They consider the specific needs of subpopulations of urban women and evaluate strategies for designing spaces, services, and infrastructure in ways that promote women's health. Women's Health and the World's Cities provides urban planners and public health care providers with on-the-ground examples of projects and policies that have changed women's lives for the better.
Afaf Ibrahim Meleis is Margaret Bond Simon Dean of Nursing and Professor of Nursing and Sociology at the University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing and the author of Theoretical Nursing: Development and Progress. Eugenie L. Birch is Lawrence C. Nussdorf Professor of Urban Research and Education and Chair of the Graduate Group in City and Regional Planning at the University of Pennsylvania School of Design. Susan M. Wachter is Richard B. Worley Professor of Financial Management and Professor of Real Estate and Finance at The Wharton School and Professor of City and Regional Planning at the University of Pennsylvania School of Design. Together, Birch and Wachter direct the Penn Institute for Urban Research and are the coeditors of many books, including Global Urbanization, also available from the University of Pennsylvania Press.
Foreword -Amy Gutmann Introduction: Developing Urban Areas as if Gender Matters -Afaf Ibrahim Meleis PART I: WOMEN'S HEALTH IN URBAN AREAS Chapter 1. Women's Health and the City: A Comprehensive Approach for the Developing World -Julio Frenk and Octavio Gomez-Dantes Chapter 2. Policy for a Better Future: A Focus on Girls and Women -Ruth Levine Chapter 3. Girls' Health and Educational Needs in Urban Environments -Varina Tjon-A-Ten, Brad Kerner, Shweta Shukla, and Anne Hochwalt Chapter 4. Making Cities Safe for Women and Girls: Integrating a Gender Perspective into Urban Health and Planning -Claudia Garcia-Moreno and Manupreet Chawla PART II: URBANIZATION, SPACE, AND GEOGRAPHY Chapter 5. Design of Healthy Cities for Women -Eugenie L. Birch Chapter 6. Are Women Victims, or Are They Warriors? -Sheela Patel Chapter 7. Women with Disabilities and Cities -Rosaly Correa-de-Araujo Chapter 8. The Health and Well-Being of Immigrant Women in Urban Areas -DeAnne K. Hilfinger Messias PART III: MODELS OF EXCELLENCE Chapter 9. Women's Health in the Urban Community: National Institutes of Health Perspective -Vivian W. Pinn and Nida H. Corry Chapter 10. Transforming Urban Environments -Diane Cornman-Levy, Grace Dyrness, Jane Golden, David Gouverneur, and Jeane Ann Grisso Chapter 11. Bearing Witness: Women in Cities as Agents of Transformation for God -Grace R. Dyrness Chapter 12. Accessibility to Health Care in Urban Environments -Francisca M. Mwangangi Chapter 13. Mobilizing Communities to Prevent Violence Against Women and HIV in Kampala, Uganda -Tina C. Musuya Chapter 14. Philanthropy and Its Impact on Urban Women's Health -Katherina M. Rosqueta and Carol A. McLaughlin Afterword -Susan M. Wachter Notes List of Contributors References Index Acknowledgments