This collection examines the human rights to social security and social protection from a women's rights perspective. The contributors stress the need to address women's poverty and exclusion within a human rights framework that takes account of gender. The chapters unpack the rights to social security and protection and their relationship to human rights principles such as gender equality, participation and dignity. Alongside conceptual insights across the field of women's social security rights, the collection analyses recent developments in international law and in a range of national settings. It considers the ILO's Social Protection Floors Recommendation and the work of UN treaty bodies. It explores the different approaches to expansion of social protection in developing countries (China, Chile and Bolivia). It also discusses conditionality in cash transfer programmes, a central debate in social policy and development, through a gender lens. Contributors consider the position of poor women, particularly single mothers, in developed countries (Australia, Canada, the United States, Ireland and Spain) facing the damaging consequences of welfare cuts. The collection engages with shifts in global discourse on the role of social policy and the way in which ideas of crisis and austerity have been used to undermine rights with harsh impacts on women.
Beth Goldblatt is Associate Professor in the Faculty of Law at the University of Technology, Sydney. Lucie Lamarche is Professor in the Faculty of Political Science and Law at the University of Quebec in Montreal.
1. Introduction: Interpreting and Advancing Women's Rights to Social Security and Social Protection Beth Goldblatt and Lucie Lamarche PART I: GENDER TRANSFORMATION: EQUALITY AND PARTICIPATION 2. Engendering Social Welfare Rights Sandra Fredman 3. Participatory Inclusion and Women's Rights to Social Security Hester Lessard PART II: GENDER, POVERTY AND RIGHTS IN GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE 4. Unpacking the ILO's Social Protection Floor Recommendation from a Women's Rights Perspective Lucie Lamarche 5. Social Protection in China: Is there a Gender Equality Problem? Mankui Li 6. Evaluating Reforms for Bolivian Women's Rights to Social Security and Social Protection Lorena Ossio Bustillos 7. Recent Coverage Developments in Social Security Protection for Chilean Women Pablo Arellano Ortiz PART III: MARKETS, EMPLOYMENT AND WELFARE: POOR WOMEN IN RICH COUNTRIES 8. Rethinking Social Protection Beyond Waged Work: A United States Perspective Lucy A Williams 9. Human Capital and the Post-Scripting of Women's Poverty Janet E Mosher 10. What Would an Engendered Human Rights Approach to Social Security Mean for Sole Parents in Australia? Belinda Smith PART IV: CRISIS AND AUSTERITY: SHAPING WOMEN'S RIGHTS TO SOCIAL SECURITY 11. Gendering the Right to Social Security in the Era of Crisis Governance: The Need for Transformative Strategies Dianne Otto 12. A Gendered Right to Social Security and Decent Work? The Debate in the Context of Irish Austerity Mary P Murphy and Camille Loftus 13. Testing Women's Right to Social Security In Australia: A Poor Score Beth Goldblatt 14. Mainstreaming Gender in Spanish Labour and Pension Reforms and in European Social Policies Nuria Pumar Beltran