In this collection of articles, Kari Elisabeth Borresen and Kari Vogt point out the convergence of androcentric gender models in the Christian and Islamic traditions. They provide extensive surveys of recent research in women's studies, with bio-socio-cultural genderedness as their main analytical category. Matristic writers from late Antiquity, the Middle Ages and the Renaissance are analyzed in terms of a female God language, reshaping traditional theology. The persisting androcentrism of 20th-century Christianity and Islam, as displayed in institutional documents promoting women's specific functions, is critically exposed. This volume presents a pioneering investigation of correlated Christian and Islamic gender models which has hitherto remained uncompared by women's studies in religion. It should serve scholars and students in the humanistic disciplines of theology, religious studies, Islamic studies, history of ideas, Medieval philosophy and women's history.
Part 1 Survey of recent research: Women's studies of Christian tradition. Theological anthropology. Sexology. Canon law. History. Hagiography. Women writers - Late Antique, Byzantine and Early Medieval Authors, Heloise, Hildegard von Bingen, Herrad von Landsberg, Chiara d'Assisi, Hadewijch. Beatrijs van Nazareth, Helfta writers, Angela da Foligno, Marguerite d'Oingt, Marguerite Porete, Birgitta of Sweden, Caterina da Siena, Julian of Norwich, Margery Kempe, Caterina Vegri, Christine de Pizan. Etudes relatives aux femmes et a leur role dans les cultures musulmanes du VIIe au XVe siecle. Part 2 Matristics - Late Antiquity, early Christian and Islamic foremothers: "The hierophant of philosophy" - Hypatia of Alexandria. La moniale folle du monastere des Tabennesiotes. The desert mothers - female asceticism in Egypt from the 4th to the 6th century. "Becoming Male" - a gnostic, early Christian and Islamic metaphor. Part 3 Matristics - mothers of the Church: Ancient and Medieval Church mothers. Birgitta of Sweden - a model of theological inculturation. Julian of Norwich - a model of feminist theology. Caritas Pirckheimer et Vittoria Collona. Part 4 Feminologie institutionelle: Image ajustee, typologie arretee - analyse critique de Mulieris dignitatem. Catholicisme et Islam - une rethorique apologetique commune a propos de la femme.