The international community can creatively and aggressively address deadly conflict through mediation, arbitration, and the development of international institutions to promote reconciliation. The editors of this book designed a systematic framework with which contributors compare third party intervention in twelve conflicts of the post-Cold War period. They examine the role of international organizations-the United Nations, international development banks, and international law institutions-and they analyze the tools and forms of leverage in successful and unsuccessful mediations.
Melanie Greenberg is an adjunct professor at Georgetown Law Center and a lecturer-at-law at Stanford Law School. She has served as the associate director of the Stanford Center on International Security and Cooperation, and deputy director of the Stanford Center on Conflict and Negotiation. John H. Barton is George E. Osborne Professor of Law at the Stanford Law School and co-director of the Stanford Law and Technology Policy Center. He has authored or co-authored several volumes on arms control issues. Margaret E. McGuinness is completing her JD at Stanford Law School. She served in the United States Foreign Service from 1988 to 1996. Her overseas postings included Canada, Pakistan, and Germany. She served as a Special Assistant to Secretary of State Warren Christopher from 1993 to 1994.
Chapter 1 Introduction: Background and Analytical Perspectives Part 2 Part One: Separation of Nations Chapter 3 Multilateral Mediation in Intrastate Conflicts: Russia, the United Nations, and the War in Abkhazia Chapter 4 From Lisbon to Dayton: International Mediation and the Bosnia Crisis Chapter 5 Croatian Independence from Yugoslavia, 1991-1992 Chapter 6 The Oslo Channel: Benefits of a Neutral Facilitator to Secret Negotiations Part 7 Part Two: Integration of Nations Chapter 8 The 1991 Cambodia Settlement Agreements Chapter 9 El Salvador Chapter 10 The Role of Mediation in the Northern Ireland Peace Process Chapter 11 The Arusha Accords and the Failure of International Intervention in Rwanda Chapter 12 South Africa: The Negotiated Transition from Apartheid to Nonracial Democracy Part 13 Part Three: Intermediation in Noncivil Conflicts Chapter 14 Making Waves: Third Parties and International Mediation in the Aral Sea Basin Chapter 15 The Vatican Mediation of the Beagle Channel Dispute: Crisis Intervention and Forum-Building Chapter 16 The North Korean Nuclear Proliferation Crisis Part 17 Part Four: Conclusion Chapter 18 Lessons of the Case Studies for International Mediation and Arbitration to Prevent Deadly Conflict