The first quarter of the twentieth century was perhaps the most dramatic and consequential period for the international working class. Corporate control was consolidated and centralized. The workplace began to be extensively reorganized by Taylorist and later Fordist methods. Revolutions, factory occupations, and new forms of workers' control and industrial democracy followed in the wake of World War I. Revolutionary industrial unionism challenged previous organizations, and new communist parties contended with Social Democracy for the political allegiance of the working classes. In this crucible of struggle and social transformation, many of the most influential political and social theories were forged: not only those of Lenin and Kautsky, but also Gramsci and Lukacs, Korsch and Austro-Maxism, Michel and Weber. The meaning of both democracy and socialism has remained contested ever since. The comparative and case studies in this collection offer a major reinterpretation of this crucial period in working class history in the United States, Europe, and Soviet Russia.
They combine recent interests of historians and social scientists in the labor process, social history "from the bottom up," the mobilization of social movements, the world system and international state competition with more traditional concerns about organization, theory and politics. Author note: James Cronin is Associate Professor of History at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee. He is author of Industrial Conflict in Modern Britain. Currently he is completing a work entitled Labour and Society in Twentieth-Century Britain, to be published next year. Carmen Sirianni is Assistant Professor of Sociology at Northeastern University in Boston. He is the author of Workers' Control and Socialist Democracy: The Soviet Experience. He has also written articles on the democratization of the state and economy, and on critical problems in Marxist theory. Currently he is working on the dynamics of industrial democracy in the twentieth century from a comparative perspective.
Rethinking the legacy of labor, 1890-1925 ; Labor insurgency and class formation / James E. Cronin -- The one big union in international perspective / Larry Peterson -- New tendencies in union struggles and strategies in Europe and the United States, 1916-1922 / David Montgomery -- Workers and revolution in Germany, 1918-1919 / Mary Nolan -- Redefining workers' control / Gary Cross -- The "new unionism" and the "new economic policy" / Steve Fraser -- Abortive reform / Melvyn Dubofsky -- The democratization of Russia's railroads in 1917 / William G. Rosenberg -- Workers' Control in Europe / Carmen Sirianni.