Continued economic restructuring has brought service work to center stage in labor and management studies, as well as in the sociology of work, gender, race, and inequality. Because the idioms of service have become so central to our public interaction, the everyday struggles for recognition and respect in the service workplace have become integral to the very meaning of democratic citizenship in contemporary America. This volume brings together some of the most important and engaging writing on service work. Based on rich ethnographic and case study material, the essays explore questions of power and control, resistance and empowerment, and innovation and organizing in the lives of front-line service workers.Cases are drawn from a broad range of occupations, including fast foods, clerical and paralegal work, domestic work and nannies, and direct sales, and from organizational settings, ranging from McDonald's to Harvard University to the suburban home.
The problems of organizing and new models of unionism are analyzed in the context of women's work culture, multiracial workplaces, contingent and part-time work, and participatory innovations to improve service and experience of work simultaneously. Author note: Cameron Lynne Macdonald teaches social studies at Harvard University. Carmen Sirianni is Professor of Sociology at Brandeis University.
Preface 1. The Service Society and the Changing Experience of Work Cameron Lynne Macdonald and Carmen Sirianni Part I: Management Control of the New Labor Process 2. Rethinking Questions of Control: Lessons from McDonald's Robin Leidner 3. The Politics of Service Production: Route Sales Work in the Potato-Chip Industry Steven H. Lopez 4. Consumers' Reports: Management by Customers in a Changing Economy Linda Fuller and Vicki Smith 5. Service with a Smile: Understanding the Consequences of Emotional Labor Amy S. Wharton Part II: Gender, Race, and Stratification in the Service Sector 6. From Servitude to Service Work: Historical Continuities in the Racial Division of Paid Reproductive Labor Evelyn Nakano Glenn 7. Family, Gender, and Business in Direct Selling Organizations Nicole Woolsey Biggart 8. Reproducing Gender Relations in Large Law Firms: The Role of Emotional Labor in Paralegal Work Jennifer L. Pierce Part III: Worker Resistance, Organizing, and Participation 9. Invisibility, Consciousness of the Other, and Resentment among Black Domestic Workers Judith Rollins 10. Shadow Mothers: Nannies, Au Pairs, and Invisible Work Cameron Lynne Macdonald 11. Resisting the Symbolism of Service among Waitresses Greta Foff Paules 12. "The Customer Is Always Interesting": Unionized Harvard Clericals Renegotiate Work Relationships Susan C. Eaton 13. The Prospects for Unionism in a Service Society Dorothy Sue Cobble Contributors