Working Postures and Movements

Working Postures and Movements

By: Don B. Chaffin (editor), Nico J. Delleman (editor), Christine M. Haslegrave (editor)Hardback

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Description

In most industries, musculoskeletal injuries are the most common work-related reason for employee absences. These injuries are often caused by static postures or repetitive movements that have to be maintained for many hours a day, such as intensive use of data entry devices, assembly work, parts inspection, equipment maintenance, manual materials handling, machinery operations, and vehicle operation, among others. In order to prevent such injuries, occupational health professionals, ergonomists, production engineers, and product designers need to know how to evaluate postures and movements, and understand how these are determined by the work environment, as well as what design tools are available to achieve less stressful working postures and movements.Working Postures and Movements describes many internationally accepted evaluation tools applicable to postures and movements in the work environment. Renowned researchers from around the world have brought together the latest scientific knowledge describing the anthropometry, biomechanics, physiology, psychophysics, and human perceptual-motor control basis for posture and movement assessment related to all the major body segments. The book addresses seating concepts, hand tool and pedal designs, foot-floor interfaces, digital human models for computer-aided design and engineering, and work organization (task duration, breaks, handling frequency) as they affect human performance and musculoskeletal injury reduction. Professionals responsible for identifying and improving conditions in the industries where such workplace injuries occur will find this volume to be a handy sourcebook, while teachers and students will find it to be a valuable reference.

Contents

INTRODUCTIONMusculoskeletal InjuriesStudies of Posture and MovementInternational Approaches for Evaluation and EngineeringRisk AssessmentOverview of the BookANTHROPOMETRYTraditional Anthropometry; Bruce Bradtmiller, Claire Gordon, Makiko Kouchi, Hans Jnrgens, and Young-Suk LeeThree-Dimensional Anthropometry; Kathleen Robinette, Hein Daanen, and Greg ZehnerMOTOR BEHAVIOR; Nico DellemanGazingReachingVISION AND EYES; Wolfgang Jaschinski and Herbert HeuerBasic Ocular Muscle Functions and Their Operating RangesViewing DistanceVertical Gaze DirectionUser PreferencesHEAD AND NECK; Nico DellemanHead InclinationNeck Flexion/ExtensionNeck TwistingTRUNK; Jaap Van Dien and Maury NussbaumDefinitions and MeasurementTrunk AnatomyEffects of Trunk PostureGeneral Evaluation CriteriaPELVISSitting Behavior; Antonio Grieco, Giovanni Molteni, and Giovanni De VitoSeating Concepts; Tom Bendix and Bob BridgerPelvis and Neighboring Segments; Bob Bridger and Tom BendixLEG AND FOOTPedal Operation; Xuguang Wang and Margaret BullockFlooring and Standing; Raki? Cham and Mark RedfernSlips and Falls; Mark Redfern, Raki? Cham, and Brian MoyerSHOULDER GIRDLE AND UPPER ARMShoulder Girdle; DirkJan Veeger and Frans Van der HelmUpper Arm; Arne Aars FOREARM AND HANDHand-Handle Coupling; Susan Hallbeck and Roland KadeforsElbow, Forearm, and Wrist; Richard WellsMULTIPLE FACTOR MODELS AND WORK ORGANIZATIONMultiple Factor Models; Daniela Colombini and Enrico OcchipintiVariation and Autonomy; Svend Erik Mathiassen and Marita ChristmanssonFORCE EXERTION; Christine HaslegravePostural BehaviorStrength Capability and Guidelines for Force ExertionPERFORMANCE; Colin Drury and Victor PaquetMeasuring PerformanceSpeed-Accuracy Trade-Off in PerformanceMechanisms and a Model of Posture and PerformanceStudies of Posture and PerformanceConclusionsDIGITAL HUMAN MODELS FOR ERGONOMIC DESIGN AND ENGINEERING; Don ChaffinThe Jack Human Simulation Tool; Ulrich RaschkeThe SAFEWORK Human Simulation Tool; Mark MorrisseyThe RAMSIS and ANTHROPOS Human Simulation Tools; Andreas SeidlSAMMIE: A Computer Aided Ergonomics Design Tool; Mark Porter, Russell Marshall, Martin Freer, and Keith CaseBoeing Human Modeling System (BHMS); Steve RiceINDEX

Product Details

  • ISBN13: 9780415279086
  • Format: Hardback
  • Number Of Pages: 504
  • ID: 9780415279086
  • weight: 835
  • ISBN10: 0415279089

Delivery Information

  • Saver Delivery: Yes
  • 1st Class Delivery: Yes
  • Courier Delivery: Yes
  • Store Delivery: Yes

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