"The World Development Report 2006: Equity and Opportunity" presents a social development strategy organized around the themes of social inclusion, cohesion, and accountability. It examines equality of opportunities - a potentially important factor affecting both the workings of the investment environment and the empowerment of the poor - by building on and extending existing accountability frameworks presented in the "2005 Report". The "Report" is divided into three parts. Part I describes patterns of inequality in a range of variables both at the national and global level-incomes, educational achievements, health indicators, power, and influence. Part II highlights reasons why some levels of inequality in the variables presented in Part I may be too high-whether for intrinsic reasons or because they harm the attainment of competing values, such as the level of goods and services in the economy. Part III discusses policies that affect the relationship between equity and the development process at a national and global level.
This section includes policies that could help reduce the levels of some intermediate inequalities and focuses on circumstances in which these polices form the basis for more rapid overall development and faster poverty reduction. Now in its twenty-eighth edition, the "World Development Report" offers practical insights for policymakers, business developers, economic advisers, researchers, and professionals in the media and in non-governmental organizations. It is also an essential supplement to economic and development courses, in both academic and professional settings.
Founded in 1944, the World Bank Group is one of the world's largest sources of development assistance. The Bank is now working in more than 100 developing economies, bringing a mix of finance and ideas to improve living standards and eliminate the worst forms of poverty. For each of its clients, the Bank works with government agencies, nongovernmental organizations, and the private sector to formulate assistance strategies. Its country offices worldwide deliver the Bank's program in countries, liaise with government and civil society, and work to increase understanding of development issues.
Overview: Introduction and Summary; PART 1: HOW UNEQUAL IS THE WORLD?; 1. Inequalities within Countires: People and Groups; 2. Global Inequalities: Countries and People; PART II: DOES INEQUALITY MATTER?; 3. Equity, Well-Being, and Development; 4. Inequalities and Investment; 5. Inequalities, Power, and Conflict; PART III: INSTITUTIONS AND POLICIES FOR GREATER EQUITY AND LOWER POVERTY; 6. Equity and Economy-wide Processes and Policies; 7. Towards Equity in Assets, Incomes, and Agency; 8. Institutions and Policies for Global Inequality