World Encyclopedia of Political Systems and Parties, Fourth Edition provides the most comprehensive coverage available on the governments and political parties of the world's nations. Each country is described in terms of its system and organization of government, as well as the processes through which political parties or interests bring their influence to bear on government. Since the previous edition was published in 1999, new countries have formed and the government systems of others have changed completely. New parties and coalitions have altered the political landscape in many countries, and elections have taken place in most. Written by a team of political scientists and academic experts, the signed articles of this fourth edition reflect the most current information available. Each article includes a comprehensive list of further reading. Coverage includes: system of government; power and responsibilities of various government branches; the electoral system; the party system (origins, organizations, campaigning); major political parties (history, organizations, policy, membership, financing, leadership, prospects); minor political parties; other political forces; and national prospects.