Worlds of Truth: A Philosophy of Knowledge

Worlds of Truth: A Philosophy of Knowledge

By: Israel Scheffler (author)Hardback

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Description

Worlds of Truth: A Philosophy of Knowledge explicates and builds upon a half century of philosophical work by the noted philosopher Israel Scheffler. Propounds a new doctrine of plurealism which maintains the existence of multiple real worlds Offers a defense of absolute truth, which denies certainty and eschews absolutism, and defends systematic relativity, objectivity, and fallibilism Emphasizes a wide range of pragmatic interests: epistemology and scientific development, cognition and emotion, science and ethics, ritual and culture, and art and science

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About Author

Israel Scheffler is Victor S. Thomas Professor of Education and Philosophy Emeritus at Harvard University and serves as Scholar-in-Residence at the Mandel Center at Brandeis University. He is a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, a founding member of the National Academy of Education and a past president of both the Philosophy of Science Association and the Charles S. Peirce Society. Among his various books are The Anatomy of Inquiry (1963), Science and Subjectivity (1967), Four Pragmatists (1974), Beyond the Letter (1979), and Symbolic Worlds: Art, Science, Language, Ritual (1997).

Contents

Preface Acknowledgments Introduction Part I: Inquiry 1. Justification 1. Beliefs 2. Access to Truth 3. Cogito Ergo Sum 4. Mathematical Certainty 5. Classical Logic 6. C. I. Lewis' Empiricism 7. Access as a Metaphor 8. J. F. Fries and K. Popper 9. Voluntarism and Linearity 10. One-Way Justification 11. Beginning in the Middle 12. Justification, Contextual and Comparative 13. Justification in the Empirical Sciences 14. Circularity versus Linearity 15. Democratic Controls 16. Interactionism 2. Truth 1. Allergy to Absolute Truth 2. Provisionality and Truth 3. Truth versus Verification 4. Truth and Fixity 5. Transparency, Tarski, and Carnap 6. Truth and Certainty 7. Sentences as Truth Candidates 8. Theoretical Terms 9. Varieties of Instrumentalism 10. Pragmatism and Instrumentalism 11. Systems, Simplicity, Reduction 12. Crises in Science 13. Reduction and Expansion 3. Worlds 1. Philosophies of Truth 2. Operationism and Truth 3. Version-Dependence 4. Differences among Scientifically Oriented Philosophers 5. Monism, Pluralism, Plurealism 6. Realism versus Irrealism 7. A Theory of Everything 8. The Status of Ethics 9. Emotive Theories; Ayer and Stevenson 10. Moore's Ethical Intuitionism 11. Dewey and Ethical Naturalism 12. Symbol, Reference, and Ritual Part II: Related Pragmatic Themes 4. Belief and Method Introduction 1. Problems of Pragmatism and Pragmatic Responses 2. Peirce's Theory of Belief, Doubt, and Inquiry 3. Peirce's Comparison of Methods 4. Difficulties in Peirce's Treatment 5. An Epistemological Interpretation 6. The Primacy of Method 5. Action and Commitment 6. Emotion and Cognition 1. Emotions in the Service of Cognition 2. Cognitive Emotions Index

Product Details

  • publication date: 27/03/2009
  • ISBN13: 9781405191708
  • Format: Hardback
  • Number Of Pages: 168
  • ID: 9781405191708
  • weight: 410
  • ISBN10: 1405191708

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