The X-ray standing wave (XSW) technique is an X-ray interferometric method combining diffraction with a multitude of spectroscopic techniques. It is extremely powerful for obtaining information about virtually all properties of surfaces and interfaces on the atomic scale. However, as with any other technique, it has strengths and limitations. The proper use and necessary understanding of this method requires knowledge in quite different fields of physics and technology. This volume presents comprehensively the theoretical background, technical requirements and distinguished experimental highlights of the technique. Containing contributions from the most prominent experts of the technique, such as Andre Authier, Boris Batterman, Michael J Bedzyk, Jene Golovchenko, Victor Kohn, Michail Kovalchuk, Gerhard Materlik and D Phil Woodruff, the book equips scientists with all the necessary information and knowledge to understand and use the XSW technique in practically all applications.
Part I: X-Ray Standing Waves in a Nutshell (Jorg Zegenhagen and Alexander Kazimirov); Dynamical Theory of X-Ray Standing Waves in Perfect Crystals (Andre Authier); X-Ray Standing Wave in Complex Crystal Structures (Victor Kohn); X-Ray Standing Wave in a Backscattering Geometry (D P Woodruff); X-Ray Standing Wave at the Total Reflection Condition (Michael J Bedzyk); X-Ray Standing Wave at Grazing Incidence and Exit (Osami Sakata and Terrence Jach); X-Ray Standing Wave in Multilayers (Michael J Bedzyk and Joseph A Libera); Kinematical X-Ray Standing Waves (Martin Tolkiehn and Dmitri V Novikov); X-Ray Waveguides (Ianna Bukreev, Alessia Cedola, Daniele Pellicia, Werner Jark and Stefano Lagomarsino); Compton Scattering from X-Ray Standing Wave Field (Vladimir Bushuev); Theory of Photoelectron Emission from an X-Ray Interference Field (Ivan A Vartanyants and Jorg Zegenhagen); Site-Specific X-Ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy Using X-Ray Standing Waves (Joseph C Woicik); Experimental Basics (Alexander Kazimirov and Jorg Zegenhagen); Part II: XSW Imaging (Michael J Bedzyk and Paul Fenter); X-Ray Standing Waves in Quasicrystals: Atomic Positions in an Aperiodic Lattice (Terrence Jach); X-Ray Standing Waves in Thin Crystals: Probing the Polarity of Thin Epitaxial Films (Alexander Kazimirov, Jorg Zegenhagen, Tien-Lin Lee and Michael Bedzyk); Isotopic Effect on the Lattice Constant of Germanium and Silicon (Alexander Kazimirov, Jorg Zegenhagen, Evgeny Sozontov, Victor Kohn and Manuel Cardona); Biomembrane Models and Organic Monolayers on Liquid and Solid Surfaces (S I Zheludeva, N N Novikova, M V Kovalchuk, N D Stepina, E A Yurieva, E YU Tereschenko and O V Konovalov); Applications of XSW in Interfacial Geochemistry (Paul Fenter); Complex Surface Phases of Sb on Si(113): Combining XSW and Density Functional Theory (M Siebert, Th Schmidt, J I Flege and J Falta); X-Ray Standing Wave Analysis of Non-Commensurate Adsorbate Structures Produced by Ga Adsorption on Ge(111) (Jorg Zegenhagen); Photon Stimulated Desorption (Jan Ingo Flege, Thomas Schmidt, Jens Falta, Alexander Hille and Gerhard Materlik); Depth-Profiling of Marker Layers Using X-Ray Waveguides (Ajay Gupta); Coherent Diffraction Imaging with Hard X-Ray Waveguides (Liberato de Caro and Cinzia Giannini, Daniele Pelliccia, Alessia Cedola and Stefano Lagomarsino); X-Ray Standing Wave for Chemical-State Specific Surface Structure Determination (D P Woodruff); Site-Specific X-Ray Photoelectron Spectra of Transition-Metal Oxides (Joseph C Woicik); Probing Multilayer Nanostructures with Photoelectron and X-Ray Emission Spectroscopies Excited by X-Ray Standing Waves (S-H Yang, B C Sell, B S Mun and C S Fadley).