This volume showcases for the first time in the Clarendon Ancient History Series one of the best-known prose authors of classical Athens: Xenophon.
Poroi (or, Revenue-Sources) was the final work of his large and varied output, written in the mid-350s BCE at a time when Athens had failed to prevent the collapse of her second Aegean 'empire', and was impoverished and demoralized in consequence. Back in Athens after a lifetime abroad, the elderly Xenophon took an optimistic view of the plight of his fellow-citizens: though their days as a free-spending imperial power may have been over, they could fall back on the city's
own, unique assets - both human (the large community of resident and visiting foreigners) and material (the natural resources of Attica itself, notably the silver-mines) - strategically exploiting them in order to set the city on the road to peace and prosperity. Xenophon fleshed out this general position with many
specific proposals, in doing so situating Poroi not only in a tradition of early economic thought, but also in the realm of practical politics.
Framed by a General Introduction and the first-ever full Commentary on the work in English, this new and unprecedentedly accurate translation offers an authoritative yet accessible overview of the text, its context, and its historical, socio-political, and economic implications that will be invaluable to both students new to the work and to more experienced scholars. Challenging the view that there is a significant overlap between Xenophon's ideas and the policies associated (in the 350s and
340s) with Euboulos, it argues, rather, that Poroi was ahead of its time and in fact anticipated the programme of Athens' leading statesman of the 330s and 320s: Lykourgos.
David Whitehead is Emeritus Professor of Ancient History at Queen's University Belfast, and a Member of the Royal Irish Academy. After completing his PhD in Ancient History at Cambridge under the supervision of Moses Finlay, he held fellowships and teaching positions at several institutions before joining Queen's as Chair of Classics in 1992. His research interests and specialisms centre on ancient Greek history (especially that of classical Athens), translation, lawcourt oratory, military writers, epigraphy, and lexicography, in which fields he has authored eight books and almost 90 articles and notes. He is a founding editor of Oxford University Press' Clarendon Ancient History series and Senior Editor (and a Managing Editor) of the electronic Suda-On-Line.
Frontmatter Conventions and Abbreviations GENERAL INTRODUCTION 1. The man and the work: basics 2. Authorship and title 3. Date and place of composition 4. Structure and contents: a brief synopsis 5. Genre 6. 'Vote Euboulos!'? 7. Poroi and political thought 8. Delayed impact Appendix (to section 8): the 'freedom bowls' Notes on the Text TRANSLATION COMMENTARY Endmatter Appendix: [Aristot.] Oec.2.1346a25 1353b27 Bibliography Index