Under the weight of apparently growing consumer affluence, globalisation and post-modern social theory, many have proclaimed the declining significance of social class and place to young people's lives - and for social science. Drawing upon new, empirically grounded, theoretically innovative studies, this volume begs to differ.
It argues that the youth phase provides a privileged vantage point from which to interrogate and think about broader processes of social change and social continuity. These themes are addressed by all the diverse contributions gathered here. The chapters include investigation of: the problems of growing up in gang neighbourhoods and young people's use of space for leisure; new patterns of class formation and youth transition in Eastern Europe; the effects of classed labels and identities (such as `chav' and charver') in youth culture and schooling; the changing meanings of class and place for young women in changing socio-economic landscapes; new patterns of youth culture and transition among Black young men in East London; and how we think and theorise about change and continuity in youth studies.
Together these new empirical studies and critical theoretical analyses confirm the continuing central importance of class and place in shaping the opportunities, transitions, sub-cultures and life-styles of young people.
This book was based on a special issue of Journal of Youth Studies.
Robert MacDonald is Professor of Sociology at the University of Teesside. Tracy Shildrick is Reader in Sociology at the University of Teesside. Shane Blackman is Reader in Sociology and Cultural Studies at Canterbury Christ Church University.
1. Young people, class and place Tracy Shildrick, Shane Blackman and Robert MacDonald 2. Constructions of the working-class `Other' among urban, white, middle-class youth: `chavs', subculture and the valuing of education Sumi Hollingworth and Katya Williams 3. Who needs enemies with friends like these? The importance of place for young people living in known gang areas Robert Ralphs, Juanjo Medina and Judith Aldridge 4. `Nightscapes and leisure spaces': an ethnographic study of young people's use of free space Cara Robinson 5. Grafting, going to college and working on road: youth transitions and cultures in an East London neighbourhood Anthony Gunter and Paul Watt 6. From `inheritance' to individualization: disembedding working-class youth transitions in post-Soviet Russia Charlie Walker 7. Steps and stages: rethinking transitions in youth and place Tom Hall, Amanda Coffey and Brett Lashua 8. (Re)constituting the past, (re)branding the present and (re)imagining the future: women's spatial negotiation of gender and class Yvette Taylor and Michelle Addison 9. New class divisions in the new market economies: evidence from the careers of young adults in post-Soviet Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia Ken Roberts and Gary Pollock