Many people have experienced or witnessed situations in which people drinking alcohol get aggressive, obnoxious, and violent. Scientific research has shown evidence of a relationship between alcohol and violence, and even evidence that alcohol plays a role in causing violent and aggressive responses. The book explores a number of aspects of this relationship. If you have been drinking are you more likely to be a victim of crime? If victimized, does drinking alcohol make you more likely to be injured? How does availability of alcohol in the community influence rates of violence among Mexican American youth? Does advertising that links sex and alcohol result in higher rates of sexual assault in Latino neighborhoods? How do elementary school children react to experimentation with drugs, alcohol, and aggression? Do countries outside the United States have alcohol and violence problems, and do these impact men and women differently?
We presents original research that shows the depths and conditions under which alcohol and violence are linked, further strengthening the evidence that alcohol use and availability is an important factor in violence in our cities, neighborhoods, school, and homes. The good news is that we regulate alcohol use and availability effectively, with a body of established laws and procedures. We can, therefore, find ways using this existing system to develop new ways to prevent the alcohol related violence studied here. The second half of the book begins this task by laying out the principles of environmental prevention, a strategy that has been very successful in a number of health and safety related domains. The next four chapters show just how environmental prevention strategies have worked, and worked very effectively, to lower rates of violence by reducing alcohol availability and alcohol consumption. The research reported here shows communities different approaches and mechanisms to achieve reductions in violence, and they provide a road map for communities everywhere to follow suit and reduce alcohol related violence.
Reducing violence can be accomplished, everyone can do it if they work together, and the result is a safer and better society.
Robert Nash Parker is professor of sociology and director of the Presley Center for Crime and Justice Studies at the University of California, Riverside. For most of the last two decades, Parker's research has been focused on the alcohol and violence relationship and on the development of and application to Social Science research of Geographic Information Systems and Geospatial Statistical Models. Kevin J. McCaffree is a doctoral student at the University of California Riverside. He has thus far co-published an extensive, cross-cultural review of the literature on alcohol and human experience, along with two articles, co-authored with Robert Nash Parker, that have appeared in the journal, Drug and Alcohol Review.
List of Figures List of Tables Preface and Acknowledgments Introduction Chapter 1: Alcohol and the risk of violent Victimization and Injury Chapter 2: Alcohol Availability and Violence among Mexican American Youth Chapter 3: Sexual Violence, Alcohol, and Advertising Chapter 4: Alcohol, Drugs, Victimization and Aggression: The Impact of a School based Mental Health Intervention on Adolescent Substance Use and Violent Behavior Chapter 5: Alcohol, Homicide, and Cultural Context: A Cross National Analysis of Gender Specific Victimization Chapter 6: The History, Logic and Importance of Environmental Crime Prevention Chapter 7: The Impact of Raising the Minimum Drinking Age on Youth Homicide Chapter 8: The Impact of Banning Alcohol on Criminal Assault in Barrow, Alaska Chapter 9: What Happens when Alcohol Outlet Density Decreases? Chapter 10: The Unintended Consequences of Alcohol Based Environmental Interventions on Violence Chapter 11: Conclusions References Figures Tables Endnotes