Biochemical Adaptation (1st ed. 2017)

Biochemical Adaptation (1st ed. 2017)

By: Brent Lockwood (author), Lars Tomanek (author), George N. Somero (author)Hardback

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Description

The abiotic characteristics of the environment-including temperature, oxygen availability, salinity, and hydrostatic pressure-present challenges to all biochemical structures and processes. This volume first examines the nature of these perturbations to biochemical systems and then elucidates the major adaptive strategies that enable organisms from all Domains of Life-Archaea, Bacteria, and Eukarya-to conserve common types of biochemical structures and processes across a wide range of environments. In addition to these conservative adaptations that foster a biochemical unity among diverse species, other adaptations can be viewed as innovative changes that enable organisms to exploit new features of the environment that may themselves be the result of biological activities.

About Author

George N. Somero is David and Lucile Packard Emeritus Professor of Marine Sciences at the Hopkins Marine Station of Stanford University. After receiving a Bachelor's Degree in Biology from Carleton College, he completed his Ph.D. in Biological Sciences at Stanford (with Dr. Arthur Giese), and postdoctoral studies with Dr. Peter Hochachka at the University of British Columbia. Dr. Somero coauthored three books on biochemical adaptation with Dr. Hochachka, and co-edited (with Charles B. Osmond and Carla L. Bolis) Water and Life, a volume on water-solute relationships. His major research interests focus on the effects of abiotic environmental factors (especially temperature, salinity, oxygen availability, and hydrostatic pressure) on biochemical systems. Brent L. Lockwood is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Biology at the University of Vermont. He received Bachelor's Degrees in Biology and Anthropology from the University of California, San Diego and completed his Ph.D. in Biological Sciences in the lab of Dr. George Somero at Stanford University. Dr. Lockwood was an NIH postdoctoral fellow in the lab of Dr. Kristi Montooth at Indiana University. His lab works at the interface of physiology and evolutionary biology to elucidate the mechanisms that constrain or facilitate adaptation to environmental change. Lars Tomanek is an Associate Professor in the Department of Biological Sciences at California Polytechnic State University. He received his Bachelor's and Master's Degrees in Biology from the University of Konstanz (Germany). He completed his Ph. D. with Dr. George Somero at Oregon State University, and he did postdoctoral work with Dr. Somero at Stanford University and Dr. Dietmar Kultz at the University of California, Davis. Working mainly with intertidal invertebrates, he and his students integrate across levels of biological organization, from the subcellular to the whole-organism, to study physiological responses to temperature, osmotic, pH, hypoxic, heavy metal, and endocrine stressors.

Contents

Chapter 1: A Conceptual Foundation for Understanding Biochemical Adaptation.- Chapter 2: Oxygen and Metabolism.- Chapter 3: Temperature.- Chapter 4: Water and Solutes: Evolution and Regulation of Biological Solutions.- Chapter 5: Adaptation in the Anthropocene.

Product Details

  • ISBN13: 9781605355641
  • Format: Hardback
  • Number Of Pages: 572
  • ID: 9781605355641
  • ISBN10: 160535564X
  • edition: 1st ed. 2017

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