This book is a contribution to the International Year of Planet Earth arising from the 33rd International Geological Congress, held in Oslo, Norway during August 2008. The first section of the book considers aspects of geochemical processes which led to the development of the solid Earth as it is today. The second portion of the book shows how the rapidly-evolving analytical tools and approaches presently used by geochemists may be used to solve emerging environmental and other societal problems. This unique collection of reviews, with contributions from a range of internationally distinguished scientists, will be invaluable reading for advanced students and others interested in the central role geochemistry in the earth sciences.
Russell Harmon is a Program Manager at the ARL Army Research Office, where he manages the extramural basic research program in terrestrial sciences which focuses on terrain properties and characterization, terrestrial processes and dynamics, terrestrial system analysis and modeling, and geospatial information science. University and. He is a Fellow of the Geological Society of America and National Speleological Society and Past President of the International Association of GeoChemistry. Andrew Parker is an environmental geochemist, and was formerly Head of the Postgraduate Research Institute for Sedimentology, University of Reading, UK. He has supervised 60 PhD students from many countries, and is Fellow of the Royal Society of Chemistry, the Geological Society, and the Mineralogical Society.
Editors and Contributors. Editors' Preface (Andrew Parker and Russell S. Harmon). Introduction to Frontiers in Geochemistry: Contribution of Geochemistry to the Study of the Earth (Stuart Ross Taylor). Part 1: Contribution of Geochemistry to the Study of the Earth. 1. Geochemistry and Secular Geochemical Evolution of the Earth's Mantle and Lower Crust (Balz S. Kamber). 2. Crustal Evolution A Mineral Archive Perspective (C.J. Hawkesworth, A.I.S. Kemp, B. Dhuime and C.D. Storey). 3. Discovering the History of Atmospheric Oxygen (Heinrich D. Holland). 4. Geochemistry of the Oceanic Crust (Karsten M. Haase). 5. Silicate Rock Weathering and the Global Carbon Cycle (Sigurdur R. Gislason and Eric H. Oelkers). 6. Geochemistry of Secular Evolution of Groundwater (Tomas Paces). 7. Stable Isotope Geochemistry: Some Perspectives (Jochen Hoefs). Part 2: Frontiers in Geochemistry. 8. Geochemistry of Geologic Sequestration of Carbon Dioxide (Yousif K. Kharaka and David R. Cole). 9. Microbial Geochemistry: At the Intersection of Disciplines (Philip Bennett and Christopher Omelon). 10. Nanogeochemistry: Nanostructures and Their Reactivity in Natural Systems (Yifeng Wang, Huizhen Gao and Huifang Xu). 11. Urban Geochemistry (Morten Jartun and Rolf Tore Ottesen). 12. Archaeological and Anthropological Applications of Isotopic and Elemental Geochemistry (Henry P. Schwarcz). Index. Colour plates.