Gendered Money: Financial Organisation in Women's Movements, 1880-1933 (International Studies in Social History 17)
By: Pernilla Jonsson (author), Silke Neunsinger (author)Hardback
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As economic citizenship was a pre-condition of full citizenship, the lack of economic autonomy was an important motivation during the early stages of the women's movement. Independent of their class background, women had less access to not only financial resources but also social and cultural capital, i.e., member's commitment. Resources are therefore of particular interest from a gender perspective, and this book sheds light on the importance of resources for women's struggles for political rights. Highlighting the financial strategies of the first wave of Swedish middle-class and socialist women's movements and comparing them with similar organizations in Germany, England, and Canada, the authors show the importance of class, gender, age, and the national context, offering a valuable contribution to the discussion of resource mobilization theories in the context of social movements.
Pernilla Jonsson is Associate Professor in economic history and is currently working at The Swedish National Audit Office. She has been a researcher at the Department of Economic History at Uppsala University, Sweden Her research deals with the influence of resources, financial strategies, and international networks on organizing and goal achievements in the first-wave women's movement. She has also published on gender and the social reproduction of Swedish elites, as well as industrialization and marketing in 19thcentury Sweden. Silke Neunsinger is Associate Professor in economic history and Coordinator of Research at the Labour Movement Archives and Library in Stockholm. She and has been a researcher in the Department of Economic History, the Centre for Feminist research, and the Department of History at Uppsala University, Sweden. Her research deals with women's right in the labor market, women in international and transnational social movements, and the global history of consumer cooperatives. She has also worked and published on methodological issues and comparative history.
List of Figures and Tables Acknowledgements Foreword Introduction: Funding women's political struggle - a matter of gender and class? Collective action and resources - earlier research Women's mobilising, class, resources and political opportunities - our theoretical point of departure Comparing the Swedish case Economic and politic citizenship in Sweden Sources Disposition Chapter 1. The Fredrika Bremer Association 1884-1925 The start up Ideas and agendas New leadership and new directions Summary Chapter 2. A 'Bourgeois' pioneer's purse Income Membership fees Bequests and donations Fundraising sales Lotteries State subsidies and supporting organisations Outlays Premises Meetings Administration, political work and enlightenment The voice of the organisation A periodical as a philanthropic project Manifestations Assets and liabilities Loan funds Bonds, real estates and shares Summarising conclusion Chapter 3. Human resources in the Fredrika Bremer Association Mobilising - the value of members Giving their time, commitment and skills Useful contacts in Parliament and Government Publicity Feminist and philanthropic networks within Sweden Feminist networks outside Sweden Summarising conclusions Chapter 4. Social democratic women The road to integrated separatism - women in the Swedish SAP Earlier research Forms and phases of the Swedish social democratic movement 1880-1906: the paradox of gender unity and the mobilization of consensus 1906-1930: organising separately Breaktrough from 1933 Agendas and strategies Summary Chapter 5. The price of turning women into socialists Sources of income Contributions from the labour movement Membership fees Extra income Spending Mobilising members and voters Investments in education Morgonbris - the voice of social democratic women in Sweden- nearly an affiliated company Administration Getting together - meetings Labour Day, Birthdays and Funerals - Times for manifestations Allocating money Financial strategies: a summary Class, gender and separatism - three factors in the financial strategies of socialist women's movements Chapter 6. Human resources in social democratic women's organizations The magic of number Giving their time, commitment and skills Access to parliaments and government Publicity Cross-class sisters? Cooperation among Swedish women's organisations International connections Compensating lack of education and money The price of organising separately and the income from being integrated Conclusion: Gendered Money Income Independence through membership fees Donations, bequests and successful coalitions From needle-works to lotteries Spending Feminist activists as economic agents Compensating the lack of money to keep the organization going How did resources matter for Swedish Feminist politics? The costs of gendered citizenship? The resources mobilization theory and women's organising Bibliography Index
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